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Table 2 Associations between background factors and ART intention

From: Intention to initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with HIV in China under the scaling-up of ART: the role of healthcare workers’ recommendations

  % Univariate Multivariate
ORu 95% CI ORm 95% CI
Socio-demographic characteristics
 Male 69.3 1.69 (0.78,3.67) N.S.  
 Age     N.S.  
 18– 70.5 1.00    
 25– 66.5 0.83 (0.50,1.40)   
 35–80 69.6 0.96 (0.56,1.64)   
Han ethnicity 69.0 1.36 (0.62,2.96) N.S.  
Education level     N.S.  
 Junior high or below 68.0 1.00    
 Senior high school 62.7 0.79 (0.48,1.31)   
 College or above 73.5 1.31 (0.80,2.15)   
Current marital status
 Single 65.6 1.00   N.S.  
 Married or cohabitation 74.0 1.49 (0.93,2.40)+   
 Others 70.7 1.27 (0.68,2.35)   
Having health insurance 71.1 1.41 (0.93,2.13) N.S.  
Origin     N.S.  
 Local (Guangzhou) 66.7 1.00    
 Other places of Guangdong Province 68.2 1.07 (0.61,1.88)   
 Other Provinces 69.8 1.15 (0.72,1.86)   
HIV-related variables
Duration of HIV infection (months since HIV diagnosis)   
 <1 83.5 1.00   1.00  
 1–12 66.7 0.39 (0.22,0.71) ** 0.49 (0.27,0.91) *
 >12 43.4 0.15 (0.09,0.25) *** 0.19 (0.11,0.31) ***
Route of HIV infection
 Heterosexual behaviour 70.2 1.00   1.00  
 Homosexual behaviour 69.8 0.98 (0.61,1.59) 0.92 (0.53,1.59)
 Injecting drug use/uncertain 36.8 0.25 (0.09,0.69) ** 0.16 (0.05,0.52) **
Infection status of current spouse/regular sex partners
 Negative 78.9 1.00   1.00  
 Positive 63.5 0.46 (0.20,1.09)+ 0.31 (0.12,0.80) *
 Don’t know 76.7 0.88 (0.42,1.84) 0.62 (0.27,1.41)
 Without partner 60.4 0.41 (0.20,0.82) * 0.32 (0.14,0.70) **
Most recent CD4 counts
 <=350 77.0 1.00   1.00  
 >350 58.7 0.43 (0.28,0.64) *** 0.58 (0.37,0.93) *
Ever had AIDS-related clinical symptoms     N.S.  
 No 67.3 1.00    
 Yes 73.8 1.37 (0.80,2.33)   
  1. ORu: odds ratio of univariate logistic regression models
  2. ORm: odds ratio of multivariate logistic regression models using all variables with p < 0.1 in the univariate analysis as candidates (stepwise)
  3. +: p < 0.1; *:p < 0.05; **: p < 0.01; ***: p < 0.001
  4. ORs with p < 0.05 are in bold
  5. N.S.: Non-significant in the multivariate analysis