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Table 3 Distribution of Health Clinics

From: The impacts of quantity and quality of health clinics on health behaviors and outcomes in Nigeria: analysis of health clinic census data

  # health clinics in 5 km # “good” health clinics in 5 km Proportion of good quality within 5 km ((2/1))
(1) (2) (3)
(Control: Own Clinic Quality = Low)
Own Clinic Quality = High 5.029*** (0.499) 3.508*** (0.384) 0.110*** (0.007)
Own Clinic Quality = High-mid 1.362*** (0.221) 0.953*** (0.157) 0.046*** (0.005)
Own Clinic Quality = Low-mid 0.149 (0.177) 0.138 (0.122) 0.019*** (0.004)
Number of health clinics within 5 km    0.004*** (0.001)
constant 13.207*** (0.153) 7.227*** (0.113) 0.164*** (0.008)
N 25,378 25,378 25,378
r2 0.016 0.015 0.086
LGA FE X X X
  1. Notes: The quality of health facility is determined by the following elements; If the clinic has 1) improved water supply, 2) improved sanitation, 3) electricity, 4) refrigerator/freezer for vaccines, 5) antenatal care service, 6) family planning service, 7) malaria treatment service, 8) emergency transport service, 9) child delivery service, 10) skilled birth attendant, 11) caesarian-section service, 12) measles vaccination service. We divide the health facilities into 3 categories – low, middle, and high quality. If the total number of services available out of 11 service is 4 or less, the clinic has low quality. If it is more than 4 but less than 8, then the clinic has middle quality. If it is more than 8, then the clinic has high quality. * significant at 10%; ** significant at 5%; *** significant at 1%