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Table 3 Effects of Cost-sharing Removal on Different Population Groups £. (Odds Ratio, Confidence Interval, P-value)

From: Effectiveness of Medicare cost-sharing elimination for Cancer screening on utilization

Subsample Groups   Annual Mammogram (Women > = 40) Biennial Pap Smear (All women) Colonoscopy (All men and women > = 50)
Odds Ratio 95% CI P-value Odds Ratio 95% CI P-value Odds Ratio 95% CI P-value
Not having private supplemental coverage Transition 0.88 0.58–1.33 0.54 0.86 0.38–1.94 0.72 0.76 0.43–1.36 0.36
Post-Policy 0.99 0.53–1.82 0.97 0.60 0.18–1.94 0.39 0.98 0.44–2.17 0.97
  (N = 2993) (N = 1146) (N = 6669)
Income groups
High income Transition 1.14 0.90–1.45 0.29 0.68 0.46–1.00 0.05 1.09 0.80–1.47 0.59
Post-Policy 1.34 0.94–1.92 0.10 0.48 0.26–0.87 0.02 1.12 0.72–1.74 0.61
(N = 5079) (N = 2413) (N = 12,315)
Mid income Transition 1.12 0.90–1.38 0.31 1.13 0.77–1.66 0.53 1.16 0.88–1.53 0.30
Post-Policy 1.11 0.81–1.53 0.52 1.12 0.60–2.10 0.72 1.04 0.69–1.59 0.84
(N = 7090) (N = 2898) (N = 14,670)
Near poor Transition 0.99 0.77–1.29 0.97 0.81 0.45–1.46 0.48 1.30 0.84–2.03 0.24
Post-Policy 0.95 0.64–1.42 0.81 0.72 0.29–1.79 0.48 1.67 0.90–3.10 0.10
(N = 5503) (N = 2071) (N = 9091)
Poor Transition 0.42 0.25–0.73 0.00 1.20 0.34–4.28 0.78 0.29 0.12–0.68 0.01
Post-Policy 0.50 0.21–1.21 0.13 1.02 0.15–7.14 0.98 0.26 0.07–0.97 0.04
(N = 1364) (N = 553) (N = 2150)
Education groups
College Transition 1.10 0.90–1.34 0.36 0.77 0.56–1.05 0.10 1.17 0.90–1.52 0.25
Post-Policy 1.26 0.94–1.70 0.12 0.73 0.44–1.19 0.20 1.18 0.79–1.75 0.41
(N = 7517) (N = 3286) (N = 16,467)
High school Transition 0.97 0.81–1.15 0.70 1.00 0.72–1.40 1.00 1.01 0.78–1.32 0.93
Post-Policy 0.91 0.70–1.19 0.51 0.72 0.42–1.22 0.22 1.05 0.72–1.52 0.82
(N = 10,336) (N = 4172) (N = 18,988)
Less than high school Transition 1.50 0.78–2.89 0.22 1.19 0.34–4.20 0.78 0.93 0.44–1.97 0.85
Post-Policy 1.72 0.60–4.92 0.32 1.18 0.16–8.83 0.87 0.71 0.23–2.24 0.56
(N = 1183) (N = 477) (N = 2771)
Race/Ethnicity groups
Non-Hispanic White Transition 1.03 0.90–1.18 0.63 0.83 0.66–1.06 0.13 1.11 0.91–1.35 0.30
Post-Policy 1.09 0.89–1.34 0.41 0.75 0.51–1.09 0.13 1.10 0.83–1.47 0.50
(N = 16,085) (N = 6768) (N = 32,464)
Non-Hispanic Black Transition 1.10 0.64–1.88 0.73 1.96 0.64–6.07 0.24 1.14 0.58–2.22 0.70
Post-Policy 1.18 0.57–2.48 0.65 1.11 0.20–6.26 0.90 1.26 0.46–3.45 0.65
(N = 1427) (N = 514) (N = 2547)
Non-Hispanic Other Transition 1.39 0.68–2.86 0.37 2.37 0.58–9.66 0.23 0.38 0.13–1.13 0.08
Post-Policy 2.53 0.87–7.31 0.09 0.86 0.12–6.03 0.88 0.47 0.11–1.99 0.31
(N = 665) (N = 301) (N = 1367)
Hispanic Transition 0.83 0.42–1.64 0.59 0.33 0.11–0.98 0.05 0.76 0.31–1.86 0.55
Post-Policy 0.52 0.19–1.42 0.20 0.18 0.03–1.00 0.05 0.45 0.11–1.87 0.27
(N = 859) (N = 352) (N = 1848)
  1. £: The statistics in each cell of this table represent a separate regression analysis in similar fashion of the main analysis, controlled for covariates