Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of Study Samples (%)

From: Effectiveness of Medicare cost-sharing elimination for Cancer screening on utilization

  Mammogram (women> = 40) Biennial Pap Smear (all women) Colonoscopy (men and women > = 50)
Average utilization based on Medicare coverage rules in claims data 38.29 20.74 6.81
Having a private supplemental insurance 84.30 85.63 82.57
Living in Metro area 69.83 70.27 69.43
Income Level: Poor 7.17 6.95 5.62
Income Level: Near Poor 28.90 26.11 23.77
Income Level: Middle 37.24 36.50 38.38
Income Level: High 26.69 30.44 32.22
Education Level: Less than high school 6.21 6.01 7.25
Education Level: High School 54.31 52.58 49.68
Education Level: College 39.48 41.41 43.07
Current Smoker 8.92 8.37 10.01
Being married 42.93 41.91 55.79
Female 53.61
Age 75.47 (10.26) 75.15 (11.67) 75.73 (8.65)
Race/Ethnicity: Hispanic 4.51 4.43 4.83
Race/Ethnicity: Non-Hispanic Black 7.49 6.47 6.66
Race/Ethnicity: Non-Hispanic Other Race 3.48 3.77 3.57
Race/Ethnicity: Non-Hispanic White 84.51 85.32 84.94
Self-reported health: Excellent 17.32 18.13 17.30
Self-reported health: Very good 32.08 33.43 31.45
Self-reported health: Good 29.57 29.98 30.41
Self-reported health: Fair 15.25 13.74 15.26
Self-reported health: Poor 5.77 4.72 5.58
Disabled 8.17 9..25 6.67
Not proficient English 1.50 1.45 1.77
Distrust Doctor 8.25 8.43 7.64
Bad Communication with Doctor 22.34 19.00 21.29
MA plan penetration 17.36 (10.37) 17.61 (10.32) 17.48 (10.33)
Primary Care Physician Number/100,000 population
(Gastroenterologist Number/100,000 population for colonoscopy screening)
45.65 (24.23) 44.76 (23.81) 1.12 (1.94)
N 19,036 7935 38,226