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Table 4 Treatment seeking behaviour for febrile illnesses in relation to health center and past behaviour (n = 281)

From: Treatment-seeking behaviour for febrile illnesses and its implications for malaria control and elimination in Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR (Laos): a mixed method study

Characteristics Total (n = 281) Allopathic health services (n = 200) Non-allopathic health services (n = 81) p-value
  Number (%) Number (%) Number (%)  
Have you ever become sick or had fever in the past 2 months?
 Yes 201 (71.5) 143 (71.5) 58 (71.6) 0.986
 No 80 (28.5) 57 (28.5) 23 (28.4)  
If Yes, did you seek treatment? (n = 201)
 Yes 185 (92) 134 (93.7) 51 (87.9) 0.14
 No 16 (8) 9 (6.3) 7 (12.1)  
If Yes, where did you first seek treatment? (n = 185)
Self-treatment
 No 184 (99.5) 134 (100) 50 (98) 0.276
 Yes 1 (0.5) 0 1 (2)  
Sorcerer
 No 137 (74.1) 123 (91.8) 14 (27.5) < 0.001
 Yes 48 (25.9) 11 (8.2) 37 (72.5)  
Health center
 No 36 (19.5) 14 (10.4) 22 (43.1) < 0.001
 Yes 149 (80.5) 120 (89.6) 29 (56.9)  
Other
 No 167 (90.3) 121 (90.3) 46 (90.2) 0.588
 Yes 18 (9.7) 13 (9.7) 5 (9.8)  
Which do you prefer more between?
 Lao Traditional Medicine 4 (1.4) 3 (1.5) 1 (1.2) 0.023
 Allopathic Health Services 274 (97.5) 197 (98.5) 77 (95.1)  
 NA 3 (1.1) 0 3 (3.7)  
How far is the nearest health center from your home in km?
  ≤ 3.5 km 94 (33.5) 84 (42) 10 (12.3) < 0.001
 3.6 to 12 km 99 (35.2) 67 (33.5) 32 (39.5)  
  ≥ 12.1 km 88 (31.3) 49 (24.5) 39 (48.1)  
How far is the nearest health center from your home in min?
  ≤ 30 min 49 (63.6) 22 (52.4) 27 (77.1) 0.065
  ≥ 31 min 26 (33.8) 19 (45.2) 7 (20)  
 NA 2 (2.6) 1 (2.4) 1 (2.9)  
How do you get to the health center/hospital?
 By walk 138 (49.1) 97 (48.5) 41 (50.6) 0.002
 By some means 136 (48.4) 102 (51) 34 (42)  
 NA 7 (2.5) 1 (0.5) 6 (7.4)  
Is the road to nearest health center in good condition?
 Yes 214 (76.2) 157 (78.5) 57 (70.4) 0.002
 No 62 (22.1) 43 (21.5) 19 (23.5)  
 Don’t know 5 (1.8) 0 5 (6.2)  
Are you satisfied with your nearest health center?
 Yes 261 (92.9) 192 (96) 69 (85.2) < 0.001
 No 8 (2.8) 6 (3) 2 (2.5)  
 Don’t know 12 (4.3) 2 (1) 10 (12.3)  
Can you get medicine on the counter?
 Yes 85 (30.2) 70 (35) 15 (18.5) < 0.001
 No 188 (66.9) 129 (64.5) 59 (72.8)  
 Don’t know 8 (2.8) 1 (0.5) 7 (8.6)  
Do you prefer on the counter medicine?
 Yes 23 (8.2) 12 (6) 11 (13.6) 0.001
 No 246 (87.5) 184 (92) 62 (76.5)  
 Don’t know 12 (4.3) 4 (2) 8 (9.9)  
If Yes, Why?
Because it is easy
 No 5 (21.7) 5 (41.7) 0 0.024
 Yes 18 (78.3) 7 (58.3) 11 (100)  
I don’t like to go to health center
 No 22 (95.7) 11 (91.7) 11 (100) 0.522
 Yes 1 (4.3) 1 (8.3) 0  
It is faster
 No 15 (65.2) 9 (75) 6 (54.5) 0.278
 Yes 8 (34.8) 3 (25) 5 (45.5)  
It is cheaper
 No 22 (95.7) 12 (100) 10 (90.9) 0.478
 Yes 1 (4.3) 0 1 (9.1)  
Because doctors do not prescribe
 No 21 (91.3) 10 (83.3) 11 (100) 0.261
 Yes 2 (8.7) 2 (16.7) 0  
Other
 No 22 (95.7) 11 (91.7) 11 (100) 0.522
 Yes 1 (4.3) 1 (8.3) 0  
NA
 No 21 (91.3) 10 (83.3) 11 (100) 0.261
 Yes 2 (8.7) 2 (16.7) 0