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Table 2 Characteristics of patients aged 75 and over who were administered at least two psychotropic drugs and one long half-life benzodiazepine (cases, N = 349) compared to patients aged 75 and over who were not administered such a prescription (controls, N = 16,294) during their hospital stay; Bordeaux, from July 2014 to July 2015

From: Appropriateness of psychotropic drug prescriptions in the elderly: structuring tools based on data extracted from the hospital information system to understand physician practices

Characteristics Cases (N=349) Controls (N=16294)
N % N %
Gendera
 Male 139 40.0 7450 45.7
 Female 210 60.0 8844 54.3
Stay with high level of severitya
 Yes 245 70.2 5698 35.0
 No 104 29.8 10596 65.0
Primary diagnosis during stayb
 Cognitive symptomsa 42 12.0 316 1.9
 Vascular dementiaa 20 5.7 53 0.3
 Mood symptomsa 18 5.2 31 0.2
Psychiatric disordersb
 Dementiaa 127 36.4 1750 10.7
 Mood disordersa 93 26.6 1155 7.1
 Anxiety disordersa 94 26.9 1177 7.2
 Alcohol addictiona 26 7.4 340 2.1
Dependencea 137 39.3 2580 15.8
Social status
 Living alone at homea 21 6.0 492 3.0
 Requiring nursing home entrya 18 5.2 295 1.8
  1. aStatistically significant difference (level of significance = 5%)
  2. bCodes of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10): Cognitive symptoms (R41); Vascular Dementia (F01); Mood symptoms (R45); Dementia (F00, F01, F02, F03); Mood disorders (F32, F33, F38, F39); Anxiety disorders (F40, F41, F42, F43); Alcohol addiction (F10)