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Table 1 Descriptive Statistics by Cessation Medication Use Outcome and Odds Ratios

From: Critical steps in the path to using cessation pharmacotherapy following hospital-initiated tobacco treatment

  Received Meds Inpatient Discharged with Script Used Meds at 1-Month
24.4% (239/978) 95% CI 31.2% (305/979) 95% CI 28.2% (264/935) 95% CI
  OR LL UL   OR LL UL   OR LL UL
Study arm, N (%) 115 (48.12) 0.86 0.64 1.15 152(49.84) 0.93 0.71 1.22 116 (43.94) 0.7 0.52 0.93*
Age (years), mean (SD) 49.71(13.19) 1 0.99 1.01 50.51 (12.34) 1.01 1 1.02 51.34 (12.13) 1.01 1 1.02*
Female, N (%) 141 (59) 1.21 0.9 1.62 182 (59.67) 1.28 0.98 1.69 157 (59.47) 1.22 0.92 1.64
Edu. > HS, N (%) 130 (54.39) 1.15 0.86 1.54 149 (48.85) 0.85 0.65 1.11 138 (52.27) 1.02 0.76 1.35
Hispanic, N (%) 13 (5.49) 0.85 0.44 1.56 18 (5.96) 0.95 0.53 1.65 13 (4.94) 0.8 0.4 1.47
White, N (%) 178 (74.48) 1.29 0.93 1.8 219 (71.8) 1.07 0.8 1.45 195 (73.86) 1.26 0.92 1.74
Insurance, N (%)
 Self-Pay 9 (3.77) 0.58 0.26 1.14 10 (3.28) 0.47 0.22 0.92* 15 (5.68) 1.03 0.54 1.88
 Medicare 85 (35.56) 1.46 1.07 1.98* 103 (33.77) 1.34 1 1.79 82 (31.06) 1.09 0.8 1.48
 Medicaid 78 (32.64) 0.89 0.65 1.21 113 (37.05) 1.17 0.88 1.56 96 (36.36) 1.06 0.79 1.42
 Private/VA 67 (28.03) 0.87 0.63 1.2 79 (25.9) 0.73 0.54 0.99* 71 (26.89) 0.85 0.62 1.16
Admitted through ED, N (%) 170 (71.13) 1.93 1.42 2.66*** 197 (64.59) 1.37 1.04 1.82* 168 (63.64) 1.26 0.94 1.7
Length of stay in hoursa, median (IQR) 86.35 (81.75) 0.82 0.55 1.24 92.08 (87.7) 0.86 0.59 1.25 84.44 (92.06) 0.65 0.44 0.96*
Smoking related disease, N (%) 110 (46.03) 1.31 0.98 1.76 141 (46.23) 1.34 1.02 1.77* 124 (46.97) 1.4 1.05 1.87*
Psych. diagnosis, N (%) 104 (43.51) 1.82 1.34 2.45*** 118 (38.69) 1.43 1.08 1.9* 78 (29.55) 0.82 0.6 1.11
HSI, mean (SD) 3.11 (1.53) 1.23 1.12 1.35*** 3.12 (1.51) 1.26 1.16 1.37*** 3.03 (1.59) 1.2 1.09 1.31***
Pre-admission Meds, N (%) 155 (64.85) 2.08 1.54 2.83*** 196 (64.26) 2.16 1.64 2.86*** 180 (68.18) 2.65 1.97 3.59***
Total counselling calls, median(IQR) 1(3) 1 0.92 1.09 1 (3) 1.04 0.96 1.13 2 (4) 1.16 1.07 1.26***
Confidence, mean (SD) 3.5 (1.13) 0.74 0.65 0.85*** 3.67 (1.14) 0.87 0.77 0.98* 3.71 (1.07) 0.92 0.81 1.04
Inpatient Meds, N (%) 157 (51.48) 7.73 5.61 10.71*** 115 (43.56) 3.66 2.67 5.02***
Discharged with script for Meds, N (%) 159 (60.46) 6.25 4.59 8.57***
  1. NRT nicotine replacement therapy, ED emergency department, IQR interquartile range, HS high school, OR odds ratio, HSI Heaviness of Smoking Index, SD standard deviation, VA Veterans Administration, CI confidence interval, LL lower limit, UL upper limit, Meds = Smoking Cessation Medications (nicotine replacement, bupropion, or varenicline)
  2. * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001
  3. aLog(Length of stay) is used in bivariate analyses