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Table 2 Distribution of OOPa expenditures for rural population

From: Effect of a typical systemic hospital reform on inpatient expenditure for rural population: the Sanming model in China

  N(%) OOPa expenditure(¥) t/F p
Mean 95%CI
Reform category     12.32 <0.001
 Before the reform(2007–2012) 429,207 (38.5) 1784.1 1771.5–1796.7   
 After the reform(2013–2016) 684,408 (61.5) 1685.9 1676.6–1695.2   
Sex     −7.99 <0.001
 Male 536,520 (48.2) 1755.5 1744–1767.1   
 Female 577,095 (51.8) 1694.1 1684.5–1703.8   
Age, years     49.98 <0.001
 < 65 749,120 (67.3) 1850.5 1841.0–1860.1   
 ≥ 65 364,495 (32.7) 1463.1 1451.3–1475.0   
Annual net income per capitab    59.80 <0.001
 < 7000 96,611 (8.7) 1607.6 1584.4–1630.7   
 7000–14,000 589,879 (53.0) 1753.9 1743.3–1764.6   
 ≥ 14,000 427,125 (38.4) 1708.3 1696.6–1719.9   
Level of Hospitalb     82,061.2 <0.001
 Primary 495,267 (44.5) 766.8 758.2–775. 5   
 Secondary 439,686 (39.5) 1494.8 1488.6–1500.9   
 Tertiary 178,662 (16.0) 4940.8 4907.7–4973.9   
Hospital regions     − 219.04 <0.001
 In Sanming 1,001,205 (89.9) 1101.8 1097.7–1105.8   
 In other region 112,410 (10.1) 7270.5 7215.4–7325.6   
Chronic conditions     −33.56 <0.001
 Yes 130,054 (11.7) 2191.6 2161.6–2221.6   
 No 983,561 (88.3) 1661.9 1654.4–1669.4   
Official reimbursement rate,%     172.64 <0.001
 < 80 411,794 (37.0) 2668.6 2653.4–2683.9   
 ≥ 80 701,821 (63.0) 1169.4 1161.9–1176.9   
Ceiling of annual compensation per patient,¥     11.82 <0.001
 <  104 684,408 (61.5) 1795.4 1781–1809.8   
 ≥ 104 429,207 (38.5) 1693.9 1685.2–1702.7   
  1. aOOP: Out-of-pocket. bUsing Bonferroni method, all results between every two groups are significantly different (p<0.001)