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Table 2 The impact of residing in public rental housing on hospital emergency utilization, outpatient primary care clinic, specialist outpatient clinic attendances and hospital admission in Year 2011

From: Outpatient primary and tertiary healthcare utilisation among public rental housing residents in Singapore

Outcomes Residing in public rental housing OR (95% CI) p-value
Frequent outpatient primary care clinic attendances (4 or more) 1.05 (0.99–1.11) 0.090
Frequent specialist outpatient clinic attendances 0.83 (0.79–0.87) < 0.001
Frequent ED visits (3 or more) 2.41 (2.12–2.74) < 0.001
Frequent hospital admission (3 or more) 1.56 (1.33–1.83) < 0.001
  1. Adjusted for Age, Gender, Ethnicity, Number of hospital admission, Specialist outpatient clinic visits, Emergency department visits (1 year before index admission), History of malignancy, Diabetes without complications, Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3–4, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease with cor pulmonale, Osteoarthritis, Diabetes with complications, Cerebrovascular accident, Chronic kidney disease stage V or End-stage renal failure, Depression, Schizophrenia, Dementia, Collagen vascular disease, Parkinson disease, Epilepsy, Coronary heart disease, Atrial fibrillation, Heart failure, Peripheral vascular disease, Hip fracture, Spine fracture, Chronic liver disease, Pressure ulcer, Non-metastatic malignancy, Metastatic malignancy