Skip to main content

Table 1 HIV testing uptake by different background characteristics among men aged 15–54 years who participated in the 2015–2016 Malawi Demographic Health Survey

From: Uptake and correlates of HIV testing among men in Malawi: evidence from a national population–based household survey

Characteristics   HIV testing status  
Total Never tested Ever tested p-value
n % n % n %
Age (years)        < 0.001*
 15–19 1818 24.3 1188 52.8 630 12.1  
 20–29 2430 32.5 534 23.7 1896 36.3  
 30–39 1807 24.2 240 10.7 1567 30.0  
 40+ 1423 19.0 288 12.8 1135 21.7  
 Mean (±SD) age (years) 28.9 ± 10.6       
Residence        < 0.001*
 Rural 6096 81.5 1897 84.3 4199 80.3  
 Urban 1382 18.5 353 15.7 1029 19.7  
Region        < 0.001*
 Northern 966 12.9 236 10.5 730 14.0  
 Central 3321 44.4 1049 46.6 2272 43.5  
 Southern 3191 42.7 965 42.9 2226 42.6  
Marital Status        < 0.001*
 Never married 2866 38.3 1522 67.6 1344 25.7  
 married 4347 58.1 676 30.0 3671 70.2  
 Formerly married 264 3.5 52 2.3 212 4.1  
Religion        0.046*
 Christians 6437 86.1 1917 85.2 4520 86.5  
 Muslim 807 10.8 246 10.9 561 10.7  
 No religion 233 3.1 87 3.9 146 2.8  
Wealth        < 0.001*
 Poor 2572 34.4 800 35.6 1772 33.9  
 Medium 1480 19.8 488 21.7 992 19.0  
 Rich 3425 45.8 961 42.7 2464 47.1  
Education        < 0.001*
 None 448 6.0 142 6.3 306 5.9  
 Primary school 4373 58.5 1563 69.5 2810 53.7  
 Secondary school or above 2657 35.5 545 24.2 2112 40.4  
Covered by health insurance        < 0.001*
 No 7268 97.2 2221 98.7 5047 96.5  
 Yes 210 2.8 29 1.3 181 3.5  
Age at first sexual debut (years)        < 0.001*
 No sex 1018 13.6 726 32.3 292 5.6  
 Less than 15 1077 14.4 401 17.8 676 12.9  
 15–24 5075 67.9 1077 47.9 3998 76.5  
 24+ 308 4.1 46 2.0 262 35.0  
  1. *Significant (P < 0.05)