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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of participants

From: Are family planning vouchers effective in increasing use, improving equity and reaching the underserved? An evaluation of a voucher program in Pakistan

  Chakwal Bhakkar
Baseline n = 691 Endline n = 1318 p-value Baseline n = 2585 Endline n = 1296 p-value
Mean ± SD    Mean ± SD   
Age of MWRA 32 ± 7.4 31.4 ± 6.3 0.057 30 ± 6.2 30.0 ± 6.6 1
Age of husband 37 ± 8.6 36.9 ± 7.3 0.784 34 ± 7.5 34.4 ± 7.8 0.123
Age of women at time of marriage 20 ± 3.7 20.4 ± 3.5 0.017 20 ± 3.3 19.6 ± 3.3 < 0.001
Male members of household (a) 3.3 ± 1.8 2.5 ± 1.2 < 0.001 3.1 ± 1.7 3.2 ± 1.7 0.085
Female members of household (b) 3.3 ± 1.8 2.4 ± 1.4 < 0.001 3.1 ± 1.8 3.1 ± 1.8 1
Average household size 6.5 ± 3.1 4.9 ± 2.1 < 0.001 6.2 ± 2.9 6.3 ± 2.8 0.308
Husband is the Head of Household 80.0 92.0 < 0.0001 87.0 75.0 < 0.001
Literacy level (%)
 Illiterate 32% 11.5% < 0.001 63% 45.7% < 0.001
 Can read, write and perform simple sums 6% 4.2% 0.044 7% 4.4% 0.0002
 Primary (1 to 5) 19% 23.9% 0.0105 15% 23.8% < 0.0001
 Middle (6 to 8) 8% 18.2% < 0.0001 5% 9.4% < 0.0001
 Matriculation 20% 28.2% < 0.0001 8% 9.7% 0.0368
 Intermediate 6% 8.2% 0.1019 2% 2.5% 0.0517
 Graduate/postgraduate 8% 5.7% 0.0883 4% 4.4% 1
  1. Numbers are means and percentages unless otherwise specified
  2. (a) Missing at endline Chakwal =1, Bhakkar =1, (b) baseline Chakwal =1, (c) missing endline Chakwal 16, Bhakkar 2