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Table 1 Patient sociodemographics, residential history, recent health service use, health conditions, and discharge potential by length of stay group and discharge destination

From: Clinical predictors of protracted length of stay in Ontario Complex Continuing Care hospitals

  Overall
(n = 91,113)
Community Discharge
(n = 58,816)
LTC Discharge
(n = 32,297)
Length of Stay Group Regular-stay Long-stay (235+ days) Regular-stay Long-say (154+ days) Regular-stay Long-stay (362+ days)
Age Group
 0–64 13% 22% 15% 30% 6% 21%
 65–74 16% 18% 18% 22% 12% 18%
 75–84 38% 35% 38% 30% 39% 36%
 85–94 30% 23% 26% 17% 38% 23%
 95+ 3% 3% 2% 1% 4% 3%
Female 62% 56% 62% 54% 63% 56%
Married 37%* 36%* 40%* 40%* 31%* 35%*
Speaks primarily foreign language 8% 10% 8% 12% 8% 11%
Desire to return to community 82% 58% 91% 73% 66% 49%
Support person positive towards discharge 79% 53% 87% 69% 62% 45%
Lived alone prior to entry 31% 27% 30% 26% 32% 27%
Residential History
 LTC facility 8%* 7%* 5%* 5%* 12% 7%
 Psychiatric care facility 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 3%
 Post-acute care facility 33% 35% 32%* 33%* 35%* 38%*
Emergency Department Visits
 1 visit in last 90 days 56% 52% 57% 54% 53% 50%
 2+ visits in last 90 days 22% 15% 21% 15% 22% 14%
Hospital Admissions
 1 admission in last 90 days 39% 34% 38% 34% 42% 32%
 2+ admissions in last 90 days 8% 5% 8% 5% 9% 5%
Diseases
 Alzheimer’s disease or a related dementia 24% 33% 16% 19% 39%* 39%*
 Aphasia 4% 12% 3% 10% 6% 17%
 Cancer 15% 12% 15% 13% 14% 10%
 Emphysema/COPD 16% 13% 17% 12% 16%* 14%*
 Hemiplegia/Hemiparesis 8% 16% 7% 20% 10% 17%
 Hip fracture 15% 12% 16% 11% 14%* 11%*
 Multiple sclerosis 1% 2% 1% 3% 1% 3%
 Quadriplegia 0% 2% 1%* 3%* 0% 2%
 Schizophrenia 1% 2% 1%* 2%* 2% 3%
 Stroke 20% 31% 18% 31% 25% 32%
 Traumatic brain injury 1% 4% 1% 4% 1% 5%
Infections
 Antibiotic resistant infection 6% 9% 6% 11% 6% 9%
 HIV infection 0.2% 0.6% 0.2% 1.0% 0.1% 0.4%
 Pneumonia 7%* 6%* 7%* 6%* 6%* 5%*
 Urinary tract infection 19%* 17%* 18%* 16%* 22% 18%
Conditions
 Bowel or bladder incontinence 45% 67% 36% 57% 61% 69%
 Hallucinations or delusions 6% 9% 4% 5% 9%* 10%*
 Unsteady gait 52% 39% 52% 38% 51% 40%
Treatments & Therapies
 Community skills training 48% 32% 57% 45% 31% 24%
 Dialysis 2%* 2%* 2% 3% 1%* 2%*
 Feeding tube 3% 9% 2% 9% 3% 11%
 Psychological therapy 13% 20% 14% 19% 11% 21%
 Tracheostomy, ventilator or respirator 1% 3% 1% 3% 1% 2%
 Trunk, limb or chair restraint 12% 20% 7% 15% 20% 22%
  1. All length of stay group-based chi-square statistics are significant to p < 0.0004 unless denoted by a *