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Table 3 Context dimensions addressed in the frameworks

From: Context matters in implementation science: a scoping review of determinant frameworks that describe contextual determinants for implementation outcomes

Context dimensions PARIHS [11, 12, 38] Cabana et al. [37] Mäkelä and Thorsen [43] Grol and Wensing [39] Fleuren et al. [40] Greenhalgh et al. [23] TDF [13, 48] Wensing et al. [44] AIF [22, 42] NICS [45] Cochrane et al. [14] Nutley et al. [25] PRISM [41] CFIR [15] Gurses et al. [46] SURE [47] TICD [34] Number of frameworks that address the context dimension
Organizational support 17
Financial resources   16
Social relations and support     15
Leadership      14
Organizational culture and climate         12
Organizational readiness to change          12
Organizational structures           11
Patients          11
Wider environment            10
Feedback               8
Time availability               7
Physical environment                  2
Number of context dimensions 10 4 8 9 8 10 7 8 6 7 6 6 11 10 8 7 10  
  1. In Nutley et al. [25], “Lack of professional authority to implement findings from research” was categorized as organizational readiness to change. Organizational culture in Greenhalgh et al. [23] is not explicitly listed as a sub-category of “inner context” (although organizational climate is), but the authors state that the inner context comprises both “the ‘hard’ medium of visible organizational structure and the ‘soft’ medium of culture” ([23], p. 134)