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Table 4 Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis for knowledge retention for trained participants, (n = 710)

From: Retention of health care workers at health facility, trends in the retention of knowledge and correlates at 3rd year following training of health care workers on the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV–National Assessment

  Univariate logistic analysis Multivariable logistic analysis
Factors OR 95% CI p-value UOR 95% CI p-value AOR 95% CI p-value
Gender          
 Male Ref    Ref    Ref   
 Female 0.61 0.43–0.87 0.007 0.60 0.41–0.89 0.012 0.66 0.44–0.98 0.044
Marital status          
 Married/Cohabitating Ref    Ref    Ref   
 Single 0.69 0.49–0.96 0.027 0.90 0.63–1.29 0.578 0.86 0.58–1.26 0.436
 Divorced 1.48 0.29–7.42 0.634 3.15 0.55–17.93 0.197 4.49 0.77–26.21 0.095
 Widow (er) 0.57 0.26–1.23 0.151 0.63 0.28–1.43 0.266 0.67 0.29–1.56 0.353
Age category          
 20–29 Ref         
 30–39 0.97 0.61–1.53 0.887       
 40–49 1.06 0.66–1.69 0.808       
 ≥50 0.66 0.38–1.15 0.140       
Type of health facility          
 Public Ref    Ref    Ref   
 Private 0.57 0.39–0.84 0.005 0.78 0.50–1.21 0.261 0.82 0.51–1.32 0.408
 Confessionary or Faith based 0.58 0.39–0.87 0.009 0.61 0.39–0.94 0.026 0.54 0.34–0.86 0.009
Category of health facility          
 Level 1 (High) Ref    Ref    Ref   
 Level 2 (Medium) 2.08 1.26–3.43 0.004 1.72 1.01–2.93 0.047 1.47 0.83–2.62 0.189
 Level 3 (Lowest) 1.39 0.86–2.24 0.185 1.09 0.63–1.87 0.761 1.13 0.63–1.99 0.688
Employment status          
 Permanent Ref    Ref    Ref   
 On internship 0.86 0.45–1.63 0.641 0.92 0.45–189 0.822 0.88 0.42–1.85 0.732
 Temporary 0.49 0.29–0.83 0.007 0.51 0.29–0.90 0.020 0.47 0.26–0.84 0.011
Grade          
 Specialists Ref         
 General Practitioner (GP) 1.36 0.59–2.88 0.507       
 Registered nurses 1.43 0.88–2.32 0.148       
 Midwives 0.87 0.59–1.44 0.595       
 Nurse-aids 0.89 0.55–1.45 0.659       
 Medical technicians 0.78 0.46–1.31 0.343       
Location          
 Urban Ref    Ref    Ref   
 Semi-urban 0.93 0.62–1.39 0.732 0.97 0.63–1.51 0.923 1.04 0.66–1.65 0.862
 Rural 1.91 1.23–2.95 0.004 2.01 1.24–3.26 0.005 1.69 1.00–2.88 0.049
Years of work          
 1–9 years Ref         
 10–19 years 1.06 0.75–1.49 0.732       
 ≥20 years 1.09 0.72–1.67 0.660       
Longevity at PMTCT services          
 0 years Ref    Ref    Ref   
 1–9 years 4.03 2.13–7.62 0.000 2.75 1.09–6.89 0.031 2.23 0.85–5.81 0.101
 10–19 years 2.34 1.37–4.01 0.002 1.66 0.71–3.89 0.244 1.70 0.69–4.15 0.242
 ≥ 20 years 2.03 1.31–3.14 0.001 1.27 0.57–2.81 0.562 1.13 0.47–2.59 0.773
Level of education          
 Elementary Ref         
 Secondary 0.85 0.36–2.00 0.714       
 High school 1.20 0.52–2.75 0.667       
 University/PG 1.54 0.65–3.63 0.328       
Trained others?          
 No Ref    Ref    Ref   
 Yes 1.89 1.29–2.75 0.001 1.71 1.13–2.59 0.011 1.55 1.00–2.40 0.050
Had the means to apply what you were trained to do?          
 No Ref    Ref    Ref   
 Yes 1.62 1.13–2.34 0.009 1.46 0.98–2.18 0.064 1.55 1.02–2.35 0.040
Conducive environment to carry out PMTCT of HIV?          
 No Ref         
 Yes 1.11 0.79–1.55 0.540       
Received training handouts?          
 No Ref         
 Yes 1.25 0.89–1.76 0.197       
Presently working at PMTCT services          
 No Ref    Ref    Ref   
 Yes 2.18 1.44–3.30 < 0.001 1.69 0.77–3.70 0.190 1.67 0.74–3.78 0.216