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Table 2 Distribution of mean scores for retention of knowledge, p-value for trained participants

From: Retention of health care workers at health facility, trends in the retention of knowledge and correlates at 3rd year following training of health care workers on the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV–National Assessment

Variable All Untrained 18 monthsa 24 monthsb 36 monthsc p-value
n (%) 1000 290 (29.0) 237 (23.7) 267 (26.7) 206 (20.6)  
Number of participants with a mean score ≤ 50, n (%) 572 (57.2) 120 (41.4) 161 (67.9) 171 (64.0) 120 (58.3) < 0.0001
Mean score, x̅ (SD) 50.7 (16.6) 43.7 (16.2) 54.8 (16.3) 53.9 (15.7) 51.7 (15.6) 0.0001d
Gender       
 Male 54.7 (16.1) 46.9 (15.7) 58.7 (14.9) 59.9 (15.1) 52.1 (15.3)  
 Female 49.4 (16.6) 42.9 (16.3) 53.7 (16.5) 51.5 (15.3) 51.6 (15.8) 0.0001e
Marital status       
 Married/Cohabitating 52.0 (16.0) 43.2 (15.3) 55.9 (15.8) 55.5 (14.9) 53.5 (14.3)  
 Single 48.9 (17.3) 44.7 (17.0) 52.9 (17.3) 51.2 (16.4) 48.9 (17.6)  
 Divorced 43.0 (24.0) 20.0 (28.3) 60.0 (−-) 45.0 (23.4) 60.0 (−-)  
 Widow (er) 51.3 (14.5) 45.0 (14.9) 54.0 (13.2) 55.6 (13.6) 46.3 (15.8) 0.0171
Age category       
 20–29 48.4 (16.9) 43.7 (17.3) 56.9 (13.4) 47.6 (13.1) 54.6 (21.5)  
 30–39 51.3 (16.4) 45.3 (15.6) 54.7 (17.2) 55.4 (15.3) 51.2 (15.5)  
 40–49 52.1 (17.4) 41.4 (15.1) 55.1 (17.3) 55.3 (17.8) 52.4 (15.7)  
 ≥50 50.2 (14.4) 38.9 (15.4) 48.7 (15.3) 54.1 (13.3) 50.5 (13.0) 0.5360
Type of HF       
 Public 52.2 (17.1) 45.1 (16.6) 55.9 (17.3) 57.0 (15.8) 53.1 (15.9)  
 Private 48.0 (16.0) 40.2 (14.9) 55.7 (14.5) 48.5 (16.4) 47.5 (13.9)  
 Faith-Based 48.4 (14.5) 41.4 (15.3) 49.5 (14.1) 50.7 (12.4) 50.3 (15.8) 0.0004
Category of HF       
 Level 1 (High) 47.7 (17.3) 41.4 (16.1) 51.5 (18.2) 50.7 (17.2) 47.9 (16.9)  
 Level 2 (Medium) 52.7 (17.4) 45.2 (17.6) 58.2 (16.9) 56.5 (16.7) 53.5 (14.4)  
 Level 3 (lowest) 49.8 (15.6) 42.8 (14.8) 53.0 (15.0) 52.5 (14.4) 51.5 (16.1) 0.0009
Employment status       
 Permanent 52.1 (16.4) 44.7 (16.1) 55.6 (16.1) 54.9 (15.4) 52.2 (15.8)  
 Intern 45.7 (17.6) 40.0 (16.3) 53.0 (17.5) 54.2 (15.6) 47.8 (18.9)  
 Temporary 46.0 (15.7) 44.2 (16.3) 49.8 (16.3) 44.7 (15.5) 49.0 (13.3) 0.0055
Grade       
 Specialists 51.9 (15.6) 47.1 (15.3) 52.4 (15.7) 53.6 (15.6) 55.0 (15.3)  
 General Practitioners (GP) 50.9 (18.5) 40.2 (15.2) 58.7 (20.3) 59.8 (15.4) 40.6 (11.6)  
 Registered nurses 54.9 (14.8) 48.0 (11.0) 59.7 (14.9) 56.7 (15.4) 54.4 (14.8)  
 Midwives 53.5 (17.2) 51.6 (19.4) 53.9 (18.4) 54.1 (16.3) 53.9 (16.1)  
 Nurse-aids 46.7 (16.5) 39.7 (16.4) 52.4 (15.9) 50.9 (14.0) 51.3 (14.5)  
 Medical technicians 47.2 (16.9) 41.3 (16.4) 55.2 (15.3) 48.9 (16.6) 42.9 (16.1) 0.0071
Location       
 Urban 50.1 (16.6) 42.8 (15.6) 54.2 (16.8) 53.4 (16.3) 50.7 (15.2)  
 Semi-urban 49.5 (17.1) 42.7 (18.2) 54.8 (14.0) 53.7 (14.1) 49.8 (18.3)  
 Rural 54.3 (15.6) 48.4 (15.5) 56.4 (16.4) 57.3 (14.7) 56.4 (13.8) 0.0500
Years of work       
 1–9 years 49.4 (17.1) 43.7 (16.4) 54.5 (15.5) 53.3 (16.6) 50.7 (18.3)  
 10–19 years 51.9 (16.2) 44.5 (16.5) 56.0 (17.8) 53.1 (15.0) 52.1 (14.6)  
 ≥20 years 52.9 (15.2) 41.8 (13.0) 53.4 (16.5) 57.1 (14.5) 52.4 (14.1) 0.8026
Longevity at PMTCT       
 0 years 45.8 (18.1) 42.5 (17.5) 54.1 (18.0) 47.8 (18.5) 45.9 (17.7)  
 1–9 years 51.6 (16.8) 44.5 (16.4) 55.7 (13.6) 57.4 (16.8) 58.5 (15.8)  
 10–19 years 51.6 (15.5) 41.6 (15.1) 54.5 (15.7) 54.1 (10.6) 53.9 (12.9)  
 ≥ 20 years 52.3 (15.8) 45.4 (15.0) 54.9 (17.4) 54.6 (15.1) 52.2 (14.9) 0.0039
Level of education       
 Elementary 48.9 (18.6) 45.5 (16.9) 45.4 (25.1) 56.7 (15.9) 49.5 (12.1)  
 Secondary 46.5 (16.2) 39.7 (15.9) 49.7 (14.3) 48.8 (16.5) 49.1 (15.6)  
 High school 51.1 (16.2) 43.2 (17.2) 55.2 (15.3) 54.5 (14.1) 52.5 (14.8)  
 University/PG 54.0 (16.7) 47.4 (14.3) 59.4 (16.4) 57.4 (16.5) 53.2 (17.9) < 0.0001
Trained others?       
 No 45.3 (15.9) 43.7 (16.3) 53.2 (15.2) 47.8 (13.9) 46.0 (14.9)  
 Yes 54.8 (15.9) 47.2 (11.4) 55.1 (16.5) 55.5 (15.8) 53.6 (15.5) 0.0001
Have the means to apply what you were trained to do?       
 No 46.1 (16.9) 43.3 (16.9) 51.8 (16.7) 50.8 (15.4) 49.1 (16.2)  
 Yes 53.7 (15.7) 45.7 (12.9) 55.5 (16.2) 54.9 (15.6) 52.6 (15.4) 0.0073
Conducive environment to carry out PMTCT of HIV?       
 No 49.2 (17.0) 43.5 (16.6) 53.9 (17.7) 54.8 (14.9) 51.2 (15.9)  
 Yes 51.7 (16.3) 44.0 (15.8) 55.1 (15.8) 53.5 (16.0) 52.1 (15.5) 0.8191
Received training handouts?       
 No 46.9 (16.8) 43.7 (16.4) 54.6 (17.6) 49.3 (16.5) 51.3 (13.7)  
 Yes 54.1 (15.7) 45.3 (8.3) 54.9 (15.9) 55.5 (15.1) 51.9 (16.4) 0.0512
Working in PMTCT services       
 No 46.3 (17.5) 43.1 (16.8) 52.3 (17.3) 49.4 (17.5) 45.3 (18.0)  
 Yes 51.9 (16.2) 44.0 (15.9) 55.3 (16.1) 54.8 (15.2) 52.9 (14.9) 0.0013
  1. a18 months: ≥18 months but less than 24 months
  2. b24 months: ≥24 months but less than 36 months
  3. c36 months: ≥36 months
  4. dANOVA
  5. eT test