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Table 1 Socio-demographics of participants

From: Retention of health care workers at health facility, trends in the retention of knowledge and correlates at 3rd year following training of health care workers on the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV–National Assessment

Variables, n (%) All, 1000 (100%) Untrained, 290 (29%) Trained, 710 (71%) p-value
Gender     
 Male 253 (25.3) 59 (20.3) 194 (27.3)  
 Female 747 (74.7) 231 (79.7) 516 (72.7) 0.021
Marital status     
 Married/Cohabitating 588 (58.8) 152 (52.4) 436 (61.4)  
 Single 368 (36.8) 130 (44.8) 238 (33.5)  
 Divorced 10 (1.0) 2 (0.7) 8 (1.1)  
 Widow (er) 34 (3.4) 6 (2.1) 28 (3.9) 0.006
Age category     
 20–29 229 (22.9) 115 (39.7) 114 (16.1)  
 30–39 379 (37.9) 114 (39.3) 265 (37.3)  
 40–49 279 (27.9) 48 (16.6) 231 (32.5)  
 ≥50 113 (11.3) 13 (4.5) 100 (14.1) < 0.001
Type of health facility     
 Public 640 (64.0) 201 (69.3) 439 (61.8)  
 Private 200 (20.0) 56 (19.3) 144 (20.3)  
 Faith-Based 160 (16.0) 33 (11.4) 127 (17.9) 0.025
Category of health facility     
 Level 1 (High) 111 (11.1) 28 (9.7) 83 (11.7)  
 Level 2 (Medium) 411 (41.1) 130 (44.8) 281 (39.6)  
 Level 3 (Lowest) 478 (47.8) 132 (45.5) 346 (48.7) 0.273
Employment status     
 Permanent 780 (78.0) 178 (61.4) 602 (84.8)  
 On internship 93 (9.3) 51 (17.6) 42 (5.9)  
 Temporary 127 (12.7) 61 (21.0) 66 (9.3) < 0.001
Grade     
 Specialists 184 (18.4) 47 (16.2) 137 (19.3)  
 General Practitioners (GP) 54 (5.4) 18 (6.2) 36 (5.1)  
 Registered nurses 209 (20.9) 45 (15.5) 164 (23.1)  
 Midwives 157 (15.7) 31 (10.7) 126 (17.7)  
 Nurse-aids 249 (24.9) 103 (35.5) 146 (20.6)  
 Medical technicians 147 (14.7) 46 (15.9) 101 (14.2) < 0.001
Location     
 Urban 630 (63.0) 177 (61.0) 453 (63.8)  
 Semi-urban 185 (18.5) 61 (21.0) 124 (17.5)  
 Rural 185 (18.5) 52 (17.9) 133 (18.7) 0.419
Years of work     
 1–9 years 526 (52.6) 212 (73.1) 314 (44.2)  
 10–19 years 323 (32.3) 61 (21.0) 262 (36.9)  
 ≥20 years 151 (15.1) 17 (5.9) 134 (18.9) < 0.001
Longevity at PMTCT     
 0 years 207 (20.7) 102 (35.2) 105 (14.8)  
 1–9 years 150 (15.0) 64 (22.1) 86 (12.1)  
 10–19 years 156 (15.6) 34 (11.7) 122 (17.2)  
 ≥20 years 487 (48.7) 90 (31.0) 397 (55.9) < 0.001
Level of education     
 Elementary 34 (3.4) 9 (3.1) 25 (3.5)  
 Secondary 229 (22.9) 65 (22.4) 164 (23.1)  
 High school 466 (46.6) 130 (44.8) 336 (47.3)  
 University/Postgraduate 271 (27.1) 86 (29.7) 185 (26.1) 0.704
Trained others?     
 No 424 (42.4) 284 (97.9) 140 (19.7)  
 Yes 576 (57.6) 6 (2.1) 570 (80.3) < 0.001
Have the means to apply what you were trained to do?     
 No 391 (39.1) 239 (82.4) 152 (21.4)  
 Yes 609 (60.9) 51 (17.6) 558 (78.6) < 0.001
Conducive environment to carry out PMTCT of HIV?     
 No 371 (37.1) 158 (54.5) 213 (30.0)  
 Yes 629 (62.9) 132 (45.5) 497 (70.0) < 0.001
Received training hand-outs?     
 No 469 (46.9) 280 (96.6) 189 (26.6)  
 Yes 531 (53.1) 10 (3.4) 521 (73.4) < 0.001
Working in PMTCT services     
 No 201 (20.1) 94 (32.4) 107 (15.1)  
 Yes 799 (79.9) 196 (67.6) 603 (84.9) < 0.001