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Table 2 Socio-demographic correlates of admissions and A&E attendances

From: Socio-demographic patterns in hospital admissions and accident and emergency attendances among young people using linkage to NHS Hospital Episode Statistics: results from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children

  ADMISSIONS A&E ATTENDANCES READMISSIONS
Rates of hospital admission and A&E episode rate Age and sex adjusted admission rate ratio (95% CI) Fully adjusted rate ratio (95% CI) Age and sex adjusted A&E attendance rate ratio (95% CI) Fully adjusted rate ratio (95% CI) Age and sex adjusted readmission rate ratio (95% CI) Fully adjusted rate ratio (95% CI)
Ethnicity (Parent)
 White (Reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Other 1.16 1.17 0.22 0.24 0.95 0.49
(0.77 - 1.76) (0.78 - 1.77) (0.10 - 0.33) (0.14 - 0.40) (0.15 - 6.27) (0.06 - 4.04)
  p = 0.48 p = 0.45 p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p = 0.96 p = 0.51
Marital Status
 Married (Reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Not Married 1.31 1.11 1.42 1.17 1.49 1.26
(1.12 - 1.54) (0.94 - 1.31) (1.22 - 1.66) (1.00 - 1.37) (0.70 - 3.20) (0.55 - 2.91)
  p = 0.001 p = 0.21 p < 0.001 p = 0.05 p = 0.30 p = 0.59
Mothers highest education
 Degree / A Level (Reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 O Level / CSE / Vocational 1.42 1.22 1.83 1.58 1.03 0.77
(1.26 - 1.59) (1.08 - 1.38) (1.63 - 2.05) (1.40 - 1.79) (0.56 - 1.89) (0.40 - 1.50)
  p < 0.001 p = 0.001 p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p = 0.92 p = 0.45
Social Class
 Non-manual occupation (Reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Manual occupation 1.56 1.28 1.45 1.01 1.76 1.59
(1.30 -1.86) (1.06 -1.54) (1.21 -1.73) (0.85 -1.22) (0.75 -4.14) (0.62 -4.05)
  p < 0.001 p = 0.01 p < 0.001 p = 0.89 p = 0.20 p = 0.33
Maternal Age
 30+ (Reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 25–29 1.07 1.06 1.10 1.04 1.29 1.32
(0.95 - 1.22) (0.93 - 1.21) (0.97 - 1.24) (0.92 - 1.18) (0.68 -2.45) (0.67 - 2.61)
 < 25 1.92 1.68 2.36 1.95 2.44 2.23
(1.60 - 2.30) (1.38 - 2.06) (1.98 - 2.81) (1.61 - 2.36) (1.04 - 5.77) (0.81 - 6.10)
  p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p < 0.001 p = 0.12 p = 0.29
Parity
 0 (Reference) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 1 0.91 0.96 1.05 1.16 0.87 0.96
(0.80 - 1.03) (0.84 - 1.09) (0.92 - 1.19) (1.02 - 1.31) (0.45 - 1.67) (0.48 - 1.92)
 2+ 1.12 1.19 1.01 1.16 0.83 0.92
(0.95 - 1.33) (1.00 - 1.42) (0.88 - 1.23) (0.97 - 1.37) (0.35 - 1.96) (0.38 - 2.23)
  p = 0.05 p = 0.05 p = 0.76 p = 0.06 p = 0.87 p = 0.98
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