Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristic, indications for cesarean section, anesthesia providers, prescribing staff and patients whose drugs were administered as prescribed

From: Postoperative pain after cesarean section: assessment and management in a tertiary hospital in a low-income country

Characteristics (N)   Frequency (n) Percentage
Age (N = 326) ≤20 65 20.0
21–30 198 61
≥31 63 19
Parity* (N = 325) First time pregnancy 96 30
2 102 31
≥3 127 39
Common indications for cesarean section**
 Fetal distress#
 (N = 333)
No 301 90
Yes 32 10
 Obstructed labor***
 (N = 333)
No 244 23
Yes 89 27
 Previous C-section
 (N = 333)
No 210 63
Yes 123 37
 Big baby****
 (N = 333)
No 309 93
Yes 24 7
 Prolonged labor##
(N = 333)
No 311 93
Yes 22 7
Care practices
 Anesthesia provider
 (N = 328)
@Senior house officer 57 18
@@Anesthetic officer 237o 72
Anesthesiologist 34 10
 Prescribing staff
 (N = 328)
Surgeon 310 95
Anesthetic provider 18 5
 Patients whose Drugs were administered as prescribed (N = 297) No 173 58
Yes 124 42
  1. Key: *Number of pregnancies carried above 28 weeks, **Most of the patients had more than one indication for cesarean section, ***Obstructed labor referred to failure of labor to progress (no change in cervical dilation and descent of fetus) despite good uterine contractions for more than 4 h, ****Big baby was any fetus ≥4kgs diagnosed by ultra sound or clinical examination, #Fetal distress referred to any fetal heart rate below 120 or above 160, ##Prolonged labor referred to any patient in active labor (cervical dilation greater than 4) for ≥14 h, @Senior House officer (SHO) is a Masters of Medicine in anesthesia trainee (also referred to as a resident), @@Anesthetic Officer a non-physician anesthesia provider with a diploma training in anesthesia, @@@Anesthesiologist is a physician who has completed Masters of Medicine in anesthesia training