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Table 3 Prevalence of DSM-IV diagnoses and comorbidity and treatment engagement

From: Characteristics and behavioral health needs of patients with patterns of high hospital use: implications for primary care providers

Diagnoses (N = 195) N (%)
 Any mental health diagnosis 162 (83)
  Mood disorders
   Any mood disorder 144 (74)
    Major depressive disorder 87 (45)
    Bipolar I and II disorders 30 (15)
    Dysthymic disorder 1 (< 1)
    Depressive disorder not otherwise specified 26 (13)
 Anxiety disorders
  Any anxiety disorder 67 (34)
   Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 29 (15)
   Generalized anxiety disorder 27 (14)
   Panic disorder 5 (3)
   Anxiety disorder not otherwise specified 7 (4)
 Psychotic disorders
  Any psychotic disorder 13 (7)
   Schizoaffective disorder 5 (3)
   Schizophrenia 3 (< 2)
   Delusional disorder 1 (< 1)
   Psychotic disorder not otherwise specified 4 (2)
 Adjustment disorder 1 (< 1)
 Suicidal ideation 23 (12)
 Personality disorder (any) 14 (7)
Substance use disorders (N = 195) Currently meet criteria Ever met criteria
  N (%) N (%)
 Any substance use disorder 98 (50) 122 (63)
  Alcohol 53 (27) 79 (41)
  Amphetamine 1 (< 1) 1 (< 1)
  Cannabis 39 (20) 48 (25)
  Cocaine 46 (24) 62 (32)
  Hallucinogen 1 (< 1) 3 (< 2)
  Opioid 40 (21) 49 (25)
  Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic 7 (4) 7 (4)
 Nicotine dependence 75 (38) 90 (46)
Mental Health/Substance use comorbidity (N = 195) N (%)
  Mental Health only 78 (40)
  Active Substance Use Disorder only 14 (7)
  Mental Health and Active Substance Use Disorder 84 (43)
  No Mental Health or Active Substance Use Disorder 19 (10)
 Top 3 Mental Health comorbidities
  Major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety
  Major depressive disorder and PTSD
  Bipolar disorder and PTSD
19 (10)
12 (6)
11 (6)
Engaged in treatment at time of assessment No. (%)
 Mental health diagnosis (N = 162) and engaged in treatment 27 (17)
 Substance use diagnosis (N = 98) and engaged in treatment 10 (10)
  1. Note: Substance use disorders include both abuse and dependence. Current criteria includes only participants meeting criteria for abuse or dependence at time of assessment. Ever met criteria includes cases in remission. Percentages for Mental Health and Substance Use diagnoses do not add to 100 due to comorbidity