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Table 2 ‘Solutions’ statement set and factor scores

From: Who knows best? A Q methodology study to explore perspectives of professional stakeholders and community participants on health in low-income communities

# Statement Factors
  Health could be improved in low-income communities by. . . F1 F2 F3
1 .. . making free childcare available and accessible 2 −2* 3
2 .. . spending more on the NHS −1 2 2
3 .. . providing better support to rehabilitate prisoners, ex-offenders or people who have had addiction problems 2 −1 0
4 .. . supporting industries, companies or sectors that can provide ‘good work’ 1 2 4*
5 .. . investing in community activities and groups which give people something to do 5* 1*  1*
6 .. . focusing on how we better support vulnerable individuals like young men, young mums or older people 3 2 1
7 .. . increasing the availability of, and access to, social care services in these areas 0 0 3*
8 .. . helping people to develop their strengths 4 2 −2*
9 .. . helping people to make relationships with others so that they have someone to look out for them or to turn to when things get hard 4* 0 −1
10 .. . making it possible for people to access affordable, flexible loans when they need them −1 −3* 1
11 .. . increasing the tax on things that are bad for people like alcohol, sugary food and drink or fatty foods −3 −2 2*
12 .. . improving the quality of housing for people on low incomes 0 2 4
13 .. . making sure that people have enough money each month to pay for their basic needs like rent, food, clothing, heat for their home 2* 5 5
14 .. . cutting welfare benefits −4 − 5 −5
15 .. . making sure that everyone who wants a job can get a job 1 1 4*
16 .. . legalising drugs −3* − 5* − 1*
17 .. . making sure that everyone in society has similar opportunities 0 2* 1
18 .. . by raising the taxes that people pay in a fair way −2*  4* 5*
19 .. . providing ways for people to talk about and deal with mental health issues 2 4* 0
20 .. . better educating children about health from a young age 3* 5* − 2*
21 .. . making sure communities have a say in any decisions that will affect them 5* 0 2
22 .. . providing services that help people to organise their money like financial advice 0 4* − 1
23 .. . providing safe ways for individuals to own their home, a car, things like that without getting into debt that they can’t repay −2 −1 1*
24 .. . encouraging children to have goals and to have the confidence to meet them 3 3 0*
25 .. . having more health campaigns −3 0 −3
26 .. . people taking responsibility for themselves −2* 1*  4*
27 .. . finding more ways for people from different groups or different communities in society to mix together 1* − 2 −2
28 .. . improving the availability and price of public transport −1 −1 1
29 .. . helping communities to own land, buildings or other assets in their community −1 − 3* − 1
30 .. . reducing the price of things that are good for you like healthy food 1 3 2
31 .. . providing coaching sessions for good parenting −2 −1 −3*
32 .. . denying healthcare to people who are responsible for their own condition like smokers or fat people −5 −4 −4
33 .. . stopping benefit payments to those spending their money on things that are bad for their health −5 1* − 4
34 .. . why should we do anything? If people want to make bad choices for their health then let them −4 −1* − 5
35 .. . improving the environment of the community so that it is easier for people to be active outside −1 0 0
36 .. . by controlling what shops in these communities can sell −4 −4 −3
37 .. . making more funding available for good primary health care, such as GP surgeries or community pharmacists, in these areas 0* 3 3
38 .. . these communities deciding what needs to be done to improve health and then doing it 4* − 3 −2
39 .. . preventing payday or doorstep lenders from taking advantage of vulnerable individuals 1 4* 0
  1. *Indicates distinguishing statements. Italics indicate consensus statements