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Table 5 Results of CASP Quantitative Study Checklist

From: Interventions to develop collectivistic leadership in healthcare settings: a systematic review

Author, Year Focused issue addressed Acceptable recruitment Exposure measured to minimise bias Outcome measured to minimise bias Confounding factors identified Design/ analysis considers confounding variables Follow up of subjects complete enough Follow up of subjects long enough Results believed Can results be applied to local population Results fit with other evidence Outcome of checklist (Yes/ Can’t tell /No)
Allen, 2010 [41] Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 9/0/2
Casady & Dowd, 2005 [40] Yes Can’t tell Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8/1/2
Awad et al., 2004 [43] Yes Yes Yes Yes Can’t tell No Can’t tell Yes Yesa Can’t tell Yes 7/3/1
Steinert et al., 2006 [57] Yes Yes Can’t tell Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Can’t tell Yes 7/2/2
Sanders et al., 2013 [39] Yes Can’t tell Can’t tell Yes No No Yes Yes Can’t tell Can’t tell Yes 5/4/2
  1. aLimited information given on components of intervention