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Table 2 “Predisposing, enabling and need” characteristics of participants of the cohort

From: The effect of a preconception care outreach strategy: the Healthy Pregnancy 4 All study

Socio-demographic characteristics (N = 237)a Number* (%)*
 Age Median age in years (min–max) 30 (19–41)
  (IQR)   (27–34)
 Ethnicityb Dutch 145 (63.3)
 Civil status Married or living together 178 (77.1)
In a relationship, not living together 32 (13.8)
Not in a relationship 21 (9.1)
 Educational attainmentc Low 18 (7.8)
Intermediate 84 (36.5)
High 121 (52.6)
Other – foreign education 7 (3.1)
 Occupational status No paid job 53 (22.8)
 Monthly household income (N = 212) Low (< 1500€) 46 (21.7)
Middle (1500–2500€) 65 (30.7)
High (> 2500€) 101 (47.6)
Attitude and knowledge about PCC
 Barriers summaryd (max 25) Median score (IQR) 12 (11–14)
 Beliefs summarye (max 45) Median score (IQR) 37 (35–45)
 Knowledge summaryf (max 8) Median score (IQR) 6 (5–7)
Pregnancy and preconception health characteristics
 Pregnancy intention Currently pregnant 4 (1.8)
Within next 3 months 114 (50.4)
Within next 3–6 months 59 (26.1)
After > 6 months or maybe no intention 49 (21.7)
 Subfertility Current or previous fertility treatment 21 (9.0)
 Previous pregnancy Yes 69 (29.2)
 Adverse pregnancy outcomesg Miscarriage 23 (33.3)
Abortion 22 (31.9)
Low birth weight baby (< 2500 g) 7 (10.1)
Child with congenital abnormalities 3 (4.3)
Preterm birth (< 37 weeks) 4 (5.8)
Perinatal mortality 1 (1.5)
 Preconception lifestyle risks No folic acid supplementation 83 (35.6)
Smoking 30 (12.9)
Alcohol consumption ≥1/week 51 (22.2)
Illicit drug use 6 (2.6)
No daily vegetables or fruit consumption 66 (28.4)
 Self-rated healthh Moderate – poor 24 (10.3)
  1. *Unless stated otherwise
  2. a.In case of > 5% missing on an item, the number of participants that responded to the question is provided
  3. b.Self-defined ethnicity
  4. c.Educational attainment level was defined as the highest completed educational level classified according to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) i.e. low (level 0–2: early childhood; primary education; lower secondary education); intermediate (level 3–5: upper secondary; post-secondary; short cycle tertiary); and high (level 6–8: bachelor; master; doctoral). Unesco institute for statistics 2014
  5. d.Median sum score of five questions on attitude and potential barriers for uptake of PCC (minimum 5 – maximum 25). High score indicates high level of potential barriers. N = 214
  6. e.Median sum score of nine questions on beliefs regarding PCC (minimum 9 – maximum 45). High score indicates positive attitude. N = 215
  7. f.Median sum score of eight questions on knowledge of PCC risk factors (minimum 0 – maximum 8). High score indicates good knowledge. N = 220
  8. g.Adverse pregnancy outcomes are presented as women who have experienced ≥1 time(s) specified outcomes
  9. hSelf-rated health was questioned as: How would you in general rate your health? (excellent-very good-good-moderate-poor)