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Table 5 The association between days lost due to injury and level of rehabilitation utilization within 90 days of injury (total and active procedures), persistent opioid use

From: Are injured workers with higher rehabilitation service utilization less likely to be persistent opioid users? A cross-sectional study

  Unadjusted Adjusted
Percent Change 95% CI P-Value Percent Change 95% CI P-Value
Total sessions within 90 days of injury
Rehabilitation Utilization
 Very high 58.6 53.1–64.2 <0.001 28.4 24.4–32.5 <0.001
 High 25.9 20.6–31.2 <0.001 12.1 8.3–15.9 <0.001
 Medium 27.1 6.7–47.6 0.01 14.0 0.0–28.0 0.05
 Low 11.6 0.0–24.0 0.07 9.1 0.00–17.8 0.04
 No Reference (0.00) Reference (0.00)
Persistent Opioid Use
 Yes 61.6 54.6–68.7 <0.001 21.8 16.7–26.9 <0.001
 No Reference (0.00) Reference (0.00)
Active rehabilitation sessions within 90 days of injury
Rehabilitation Utilization
 Very high 51.7 46.2–57.2 <0.001 25.1 21.1–29.1 <0.001
 High 29.4 23.5–35.4 <0.001 15.1 10.9–19.2 <0.001
 Medium 24.2 10.2–38.3 <0.01 8.1 −0.1 – 17.8 0.10
 Low 19.2 9.3–29.2 <0.01 13.3 6.4–20.2 <0.001
 No Reference (0.00) Reference (0.00)
Persistent Opioid Use
 Yes 63.3 56.6–70.0 <0.001 24.1 19.2–28.9 <0.001
 No Reference (0.00) Reference (0.00)
  1. Note: Active and passive rehabilitation procedures were determined based on Current Procedure Terminology codes, as described by Fritz et al