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Table 4 The association between persistent opioid use and level of rehabilitation utilization (total procedures and active procedures) within 90 days of injury

From: Are injured workers with higher rehabilitation service utilization less likely to be persistent opioid users? A cross-sectional study

Rehabilitation Utilization Unadjusted Adjusted
OR 95% CI P-Value OR 95% CI P-Value
Total sessions within 90 days of injury
 Very high 2.08 1.86–2.33 <0.001 1.21 1.07–1.38 <0.01
 High 1.44 1.28–1.62 <0.001 1.01 0.89–1.15 0.87
 Medium 0.91 0.54–1.52 0.71 0.65 0.38–1.13 0.13
 Low 1.22 0.92–1.62 0.16 1.05 0.77–1.42 0.76
 No Reference (1.00) Reference (1.00)
Active rehabilitation sessions within 90 days of injury
 Very high 1.84 1.65–2.06 <0.001 1.09 0.96–1.23 0.18
 High 1.34 1.18–1.53 <0.001 0.99 0.86–1.14 0.84
 Medium 1.09 0.79–1.50 0.58 0.76 0.54–1.06 0.10
 Low 1.32 1.07–1.64 0.01 1.05 0.83–1.32 0.70
 No Reference (1.00) Reference (1.00)
  1. Note: Active and passive rehabilitation procedures were determined based on Current Procedure Terminology codes, as described by Fritz et al