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Table 1 Patient characteristics (n = 9596)

From: Are injured workers with higher rehabilitation service utilization less likely to be persistent opioid users? A cross-sectional study

  Levels of Rehabilitation Utilization P-Value
Very High High Medium Low No
N = 2397 N = 2398 N = 2314 N = 1070 N = 1417
N % N % N % N % N %
Age
 30 or less 299 12.5% 436 18.2% 559 24.2% 291 27.2% 280 19.8% <0.001
 30–49 1293 53.9% 1255 52.3% 1112 48.1% 511 47.8% 651 45.9%  
 50 or more 805 33.6% 707 29.5% 643 27.8% 268 25.0% 486 34.3%  
Sex
 Male 1560 65.2 1493 62.5 1598 69.6 648 61.2 918 65.1 <0.001
 Female 833 34.8 895 37.5 699 30.4 411 38.8 493 34.9  
Mechanism of Injury
 High Energy 1519 63.4 1465 61.1 1337 57.8 602 56.3 904 63.8 <0.001
 Low Energy 576 24.0 635 26.5 641 27.7 281 26.3 345 24.3  
 Other/Unspecified 302 12.6 298 12.4 336 14.5 187 17.5 168 11.9  
Disability Status
 Permanent Total Disability 9 0.4 1 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.1 <0.001
 Permanent Partial Disability 1586 66.2 1208 50.4 362 15.6 31 2.9 525 37.1  
 Temporary Total Compensation 583 24.3 716 29.9 794 34.3 186 17.4 425 30.0  
 Temporary Partial Compensation 56 2.3 32 1.3 20 0.9 2 0.2 18 1.3  
 Medical-Only 163 6.8 440 18.4 1138 49.2 851 79.5 448 31.6  
Type of Occupation
 Operatives & Technicians 841 35.1 724 30.2 787 34.0 309 28.9 450 31.8 <0.001
 Service Workers 685 28.6 749 31.2 561 24.2 278 26.0 407 28.7  
 Laborers & Helpers 418 17.4 427 17.8 436 18.8 176 16.4 236 16.7  
 Professionals 197 8.2 190 7.9 208 9.0 131 12.2 138 9.7  
 Office Workers 180 7.5 215 9.0 202 8.7 120 11.2 132 9.3  
 Sales Workers 62 2.6 79 3.0 104 4.5 47 4.4 44 3.1  
 Not recorded 14 0.6 20 0.8 16 0.7 9 0.8 10 0.7  
Type of Employer
 Private Employer 1576 65.7 1529 63.8 1676 72.4 797 74.5 971 68.5 <0.001
 State Employer 821 34.3 869 36.2 638 27.6 273 25.5 446 31.5  
Years with Current Employer Prior to Claim
 Less than 2 759 31.7 840 35.0 866 37.4 441 41.2 479 33.8 <0.001
 2–10 692 28.9 662 27.6 691 29.9 304 28.4 416 29.4  
 More than 10 458 19.1 461 19.2 389 16.8 150 14.0 222 15.7  
 Not recorded 488 20.4 435 18.1 368 15.9 175 16.4 300 21.2  
Surgically Treated Injury
 Yes 232 9.7 345 14.4 601 26.0 147 13.7 0 0.0 <0.001
 No 2165 90.3 2053 85.6 1713 74.0 923 86.3 1417 100.0  
Diagnosis of Chronic Joint Pain
 Yes 1618 67.5 1256 52.4 637 27.5 105 9.8 0 0.0 <0.001
 No 779 32.5 1142 47.6 1677 72.5 935 90.2 1417 100.0