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Table 4 Perceived Challenges in the Management of PODs

From: Reuse of patients’ own drugs in hospitals in Ghana; the evidence to support policy

Variables Strongly agree
N (%)
Agree
N (%)
Uncertain
N (%)
Disagree
N (%)
Strongly disagree
N (%)
MEDIAN
(IQR)
Patient having different brands of the same medicines 62 (51) 37 (31) 4 (3) 17 (14) 1 (1.00)
Inadequate time for PODs assessment at the ward 21 (17) 57 (47) 19 (16) 19 (16) 5 2 (1.00)
Lack of POD Policy in the hospital 28 (23) 54 (45) 33 (27) 6 (5) 2 (1.00)
Inadequate skills for staff for the assessment of PODs in in-patients 10 (8) 45 (37) 10 (8) 32 (26) 24 (20) 3 (2.00)
It must be a shared responsibility amongst the pharmacy staff 41 (34) 58 (48) 12 (10) 10 (8) 2 (1.00)
Patients feel they should always be given new medicines 19 (16) 50 (41) 21 (17) 30 (25) 2 (2.00)
Illegible instructions on label 44 (36) 50 (41) 20 (17) 7 (6) 2 (1.00)
Difficulty in examining the expiry dates of PODs without original packages. 44 (36) 57 (47) 8 (7) 12 (10) 2 (1.00)
Inadequate staff to assess PODs of all in-patients 40 (33) 36 (30) 20 (17) 25 (21) 2 (2.00)
The illiteracy level of in-patients/carers 43 (36) 32 (26) 25 (21) 17 (14) 4 2 (2.00)
Inadequate education/ counselling to patients to bring their PODs when coming to the hospital 45 (37) 53 (44) 11 (9) 12 (10) 2 (1.00)