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Table 5 Secondary outcomes (n = 359)

From: Brief telephone counselling is effective for caregivers who do not experience any major life events – caregiver-related outcomes of the German day-care study

Scale Intervention group
(n = 205)
Control group
(n = 154)
t-test for independent samples
∆M (SD) ∆M (SD) t p
Health-related quality of life (EQ-5D-5 L) .00 (0.2) −.03 (0.2) t(357) = −1.625 .105
Benefits (BIZA-D) −.29 (4.0) −.27 (4.5) t(357) = .059 .953
  1. Comparison of differences between baseline and after 6 months. Negative values on the BIZA-D change score (t0-t1) indicate improvements in seeing positive aspects of caregiving, negative values on the EQ-5D-5 L change score (t0-t1) indicate improvements in health-related quality of life *p-values < .05