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Table 3 Multiple regression analysis with BSFC-s and WHO-5 after 6 months (t1) as dependent variables for cases without major events (n = 271)

From: Brief telephone counselling is effective for caregivers who do not experience any major life events – caregiver-related outcomes of the German day-care study

Independent variable BSFC-s (6-month follow up) WHO-5 (6-month follow up)
Unstand. b p 95% CI Unstand. b p 95% CI
lower upper limit lower upper limit
Score at baselinea 0.89 .000* 0.82 0.96 0.55 .000* 0.45 0.64
Group (0 = control group, 1 = intervention group) −1.34 .010* −2.35 −0.33 1.54 .008* 0.41 2.67
Age of caregiver −0.02 .483 −0.07 0.03 −0.05 .098* −0.10 0.01
Sex of caregiver (0 = female; 1 = male) −0.63 .280 −1.78 0.52 0.20 .764 −1.09 1.49
Frequency of day-care useb 0.20 .400 −0.27 0.68 0.12 .651 −0.41 0.65
Other relief servicesc −0.14 .557 −0.60 0.33 0.11 .675 −0.41 0.63
Other counselling servicesd −0.19 .758 − 1.38 1.01 −0.58 .378 −1.89 0.72
Sole informal caregiver (0 = no, 1 = yes) − 0.67 .252 −1.81 0.48 −0.30 .638 −1.56 0.96
Change in PCIs’ neuropsychiatric symptomse 0.03 .856 −0.24 0.29 −0.29 .059 −0.59 0.01
  1. Significant p-values (<.05) are shown in bold and marked with *, p-values below .1 are marked with *
  2. Abbreviations: BSFC-s Burden Scale for Family Caregivers short (score) WHO-5 Well-Being Index score PCI person with cognitive impairment
  3. aBSFC-s at baseline if BSFC-s 6-month follow-up is dependent variable, WHO-5 at baseline if WHO-5 6-month follow-up is dependent variable
  4. baverage frequency per week (months 1–6)
  5. csum of domestic care service, care group, meals on wheels, respite care, outpatient care service, home-help service
  6. dsum of caregiver skill training, counselling service for caregivers, support group for caregivers
  7. ecomputed via Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire (NPI-Q), change score as the difference between the NPI score at baseline and after 6 months, positive values on the NPI change score indicate improvements in neuropsychiatric symptoms