Skip to main content

Table 3 Summary of the Clinical Measures in the Operation Phase

From: Implementing a case management intervention for frequent users of the emergency department (I-CaM): an effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial study protocol

Components Tool Timing
Descriptive variables and covariates
 Demographics Self-reported questionnaire Baseline
 Vulnerability determinants Extracted from medical records Baseline
Clinical outcomes
 ED visits Extracted from medical records Baseline, 6, and 12 months
 Health-care reorientation Extracted from medical records Baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months
 Quality of life WHOQOL-BREF Baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months
 Empowerment Health Care Empowerment Inventory Baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months
 Self-efficacy Self-Efficacy Scale Baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months
 Health literacy European Health Literacy Project Questionnaire Baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months
 Problematic alcohol use AUDIT-C Baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months
 Precursors of alcohol use Visual analog rulers assessing importance, intentions, readiness and confidence regarding alcohol use changes Baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months