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Table 3 Adherence rates to the selected perioperative care elements

From: Quality improvement strategies for organizational change: a multiphase observational study to increase insight into nonparticipating organizations

  Pre-awareness
(n = 150)
Post-awareness
(n = 150)
p valuea
Preoperative items, n (%)
  Counseling and education 0 (0) 0 (0)  
  No bowel lavage 150 (100) 140 (94.6) 0.003b
  Oral carbohydrate loading (if indicated) 32 (21.3) 35 (23.3) 0.782
Intraoperative items, n (%)
  Epidural analgesia 121 (80.7) 126 (84.0) 0.451
  Routine anti-emetics 90 (61.6) 112 (74.7) 0.016
  No use of drains 104 (69.3) 122 (81.9) 0.011
  Nasogastric tube removal 105 (70.0) 112 (75.7) 0.272
Postoperative items, n (%)
  Avoidance of ileus    
   Oral laxatives at day 1 33 (22.0) 42 (28.0) 0.232
  Early oral intake    
   Oral fluids intake day 0 37 (24.7) 63 (42.6) 0.001
   Solid food intake ≤ day 1 83 (55.3) 115 (77.7) < 0.001
  Early mobilization    
   On chair (minimum 3 times) ≤ day 1 21 (14.1) 41 (27.3) 0.005
  Early removal of catheters    
   CAD removal ≤ day 2 51 (34.2) 47 (31.5) 0.623
  1. Values are valid percentages (excluding missing values). a Chi-square test. b Fisher’s exact test. CAD = urinary catheter, n = number of patients