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Table 2 Theoretical Domains Framework Survey

From: General Practitioners' recommendations of self-directed-exercises for musculoskeletal problems and perceived barriers and facilitators to doing so: a mixed methods study

Statement Number of Participants Statement Score Domain Score Domain
  Mean Standard Deviation Mean Standard Deviation  
I believe in encouraging patients to self-manage their conditions wherever possible (reverse scored) 108 6.52 0.91 6.32 0.72 Goals
I feel joint exercises are an important part of the management of joint pain and should be encouraged wherever possible (reverse scored) 108 6.13 0.80    
They should only be issued if the patient asks for them 108 6.15 0.78 6.15 0.78 Intentions
A period undertaking exercises allows self-limiting conditions resolve without needing onward referral (reverse scored) 107 6.10 0.81 5.95 0.73 Beliefs about consequences
I believe patients may be harmed by the exercises 104 5.81 1.02    
I feel this is something GPs should be doing (reverse scored) 108 6.25 0.87 5.67 0.87 Social/professional role and identity
This is something I know other GPs do (reverse scored) 107 5.82 1.12    
This is something I have been advised to do (reverse scored) 108 4.94 1.63    
I feel measures like this are an inferior treatment designed to prevent us referring to physiotherapy 108 5.38 1.37 5.38 1.37 Behavioral regulation
I have done this in the past and had negative experiences 107 5.66 1.18 5.34 1.17 Emotions
I am uncertain how patients will react 107 5.00 1.49    
I feel I can make a persuasive case for exercises (reverse scored) 108 5.83 0.92 5.26 0.98 Skills
I feel confident to demonstrate the exercises (reverse scored) 107 4.68 1.57    
Patients really value this kind of advice (reverse scored) 106 5.48 0.96 5.27 0.99 Reinforcement
I feel I am creating more work for myself 108 5.04 1.66    
I feel I should but I don’t remember to do it 107 5.03 1.67 5.03 1.67 Memory Attention and Decision Processes
GPs are not qualified to issue exercises 108 5.56 1.34 4.94 1.15 Belief about capabilities
I do not feel able to provide the follow up the patient requires 108 4.32 1.54    
I feel patients will see this as a way to avoid referring them to physiotherapy 108 4.72 1.48 4.44 1.06 Social Influences
This is something patients ask for (reverse scored) 107 4.13 1.45    
I am not familiar with the practice 106 5.56 1.95 4.43 1.25 Knowledge
I am unsure of the evidence base for self-directed-exercises 106 4.06 1.82    
I don’t know how to construct an exercise programme (e.g. how many times a day for how long) 108 3.65 1.73    
I find it difficult using external resources (e.g. resources from outside the clinical notes / practice intranet) in consultations 108 5.21 1.59 4.38 1.11 Environmental context and resources
The resources (e.g. advice sheets) are easily available (reverse scored) 108 4.87 1.70    
I don’t have the time in my consultations 107 4.40 1.82    
I believe it is important to demonstrate the exercises 107 3.04 1.57    
I don’t believe patents will be compliant with the exercises 106 4.34 1.32 4.34 1.32 Optimism
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