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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics at baseline per group

From: E-IMR: e-health added to face-to-face delivery of Illness Management & Recovery programme for people with severe mental illness, an exploratory clustered randomized controlled trial

Variables Intervention group Control group
n (% within group) n (% within group)
Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Participants 41 19
 Age 46.9 (11.6) 40.7 (10.6)
Gender**
 Female 30 (73.2) 6 (31.6)
 Male 11 (26.8) 13 (68.4)
Diagnoses
 Psychotic disorders 14 (34.1) 6 (31.6)
 Mood/anxiety disorders 15 (36.6) 10 (52.6)
 Other disorders 12 (29.3) 3 (15.8)
 Global Assessment of Functioning 50.86 (8.2) 49.8 (10)
 Having a somatic comorbidity 23 (56.1) 7 (36.8)
 Having a psychiatric comorbidity 27 (65.9) 11 (57.9)
Treatment history
 Years ago since first treatment 17.15 (12.3) 16.17 (9.9)
 Number of admissions 4.15 (3.9) 3.94 (3.3)
 Never admitted 7 (17) 2 (10.5)
Cultural Background
 Dutch 37 (90.2) 19 (100)
 Turkish, Maroc, Surinam, or English 4 (9.8) 0 (0)
In/outpatients*
 Independent living 30 (73.2) 8 (42.1)
 Supported housing 11 (26.8) 11 (57.9)
Netto income
 ≤ Minimal income 31 (75.6) 16 (84.2)
 > Minimal income 10 (24.4) 3 (15.8)
Highest graduated education
 ≤ Middle school 26 (63.4) 12 (63.2)
 ≥ High school 15 (36.6) 7 (36.8)
Computer availability / usage
 I don’t have a computer/laptop 8 (19.5) 3 (15.8)
 I never use a computer/laptop 6 (14.6) 2 (10.5)
  1. Abbreviations: n number; SD Standard Deviation;
  2. *&**: significant between group differences *p < .05; **p < .01 (2-tailed)