Table 2 Time cost, direct and indirect cost of utilizing ANC at the mobile clinic by client residence from the point of care

Total participants ≤1.5 h travel > 1.5 h travel p value
Number of observations = 293 Number of observations = 173 Number of observations = 120
Mean SD Min Max Mean SD Min Max Mean SD Min Max
I: Time spent in hours
Consultation 0.48 0.10 0.25 0.75 0.49 0.11 0.25 0.75 0.45 0.08 0.25 0.50 0.0312
Waiting time 1.89 1.29 0.05 6.00 1.68 1.02 0.05 4.50 2.17 1.57 0.83 6.00 0.0730
Travel time 1.39 1.00 0.02 4.25 0.70 0.47 0.02 1.50 2.39 0.66 1.75 4.25 < 0.001
Household helper time 4.16 2.45 4.99 10.12 2.75 1.77 0.50 8.62 6.20 1.75 3.02 10.12 < 0.001
Total time spent 3.75 1.83 0.66 8.99 2.88 1.27 0.67 6.75 5.02 1.81 2.50 8.99 < 0.001
II. Cost incurred in US\$
Food cost 0.19 0.26 0.00 0.91 0.11 0.18 0.00 0.77 0.31 0.32 0.00 0.91 < 0.001
Laboratory test cost 1.69 0.82 0.00 3.40 1.71 0.91 0.00 3.40 1.69 0.68 0.00 2.72 0.7426
Medicine cost 0.39 0.23 0.00 0.59 0.41 0.21 0.00 0.68 0.36 0.26 0.00 0.59 0.7438
Travel cost (one way) 0.35 0.88 0.00 3.64 0.36 0.86 0.00 3.18 0.34 0.91 0.00 3.64 0.8511
Household helper cost 0.02 0.28 0.00 3.64 0.04 0.37 0.00 3.64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.2381
Total cost in US\$ 2.27 0.90 0.00 3.40 2.29 1.03 0.01 4.36 2.53 0.63 1.36 3.86 0.0829
1. Note:
2. p value based on Wilcoxon–Mann–Whitney rank sum test
3. Travel cost and household helper cost were excluded in the total cost calculations because only 2 and 45 participants, respectively, reported to directly pay for transport and household helper