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Table 2 Adult diabetic patient characteristics for the overall and analytic samples, 2011–2013

From: The impact of integrating medical assistants and community health workers on diabetes care management in community health centers

Patient characteristic (% or Mean and SD) Overall sample Community Health Worker (CHW) Arm CHW control group arm Medical Assistant (MA) Arm MA control group arm
n 6111 686 2466 644 2315
Male (%) 41.9 30.3 30.3 47.8 47.8
Age (%)
 26–35 3.0 8.5 8.5 2.2 2.2
 36–45 9.1 16.2 16.2 7.3 7.3
 46–55 20.5 26.5 26.5 22.4 22.4
 56–65 32.2 24.9 24.9 38.2 38.2
 65–75 20.4 17.9 17.9 19.9 19.9
 75+ (reference) 14.9 6.0 6.0 10.1 10.1
Race/Ethnicity/Language (%)
 Asian- Asian language speaking 49.8 1.2 1.2 72.8 72.8
 Asian- English speaking 6.0 7.3 7.3 11.2 11.2
 Latino- English speaking 8.2 20.1 20.1 3.0 3.0
 Other English speaking (reference) 7.3 9.8 9.8 4.2 4.2
 Latino- Spanish speaking 28.7 61.7 61.7 8.9 8.9
 Uninsured (%) 31.9 16.0 16.0 53.3 53.3
Body-Mass Index (BMI) (%)
 BMI (Normal, BMI ≤25) (reference) 27.6 12.5 13.4 39.0 39.1
 BMI (Overweight, BMI ≥26 and ≤ 30) 32.9 31.3 39.4 16.3 16.1
 BMI (Obese I & II, BMI ≥31 and ≤ 40) 5.8 8.8 11.3 2.6 2.8
 BMI (Obese III, BMI ≥41)) 24.9 29.9 26.3 37.0 35.3
 Missing BMI 8.8 17.5 9.6 5.1 6.7
Co-Morbidities      
 Cardiovascular Disease (%) 8.2 5.7 6.8 6.2 7.4
 Respiratory Problems (%) 7.7 8.9 8.6 4.0 5.3
 Mental Health (%) 13.9 22.2 20.0 7.1 8.5
Number of CHC Visits During the Study Period (%)
 <=3 8.2 6.2 9.1 7.3 10.3
 4–8 39 37.6 34.9 51.9 45.8
 9–11 24.5 26.3 24.3 24.1 24.4
 12+ 28.3 32.9 31.7 16.8 19.5