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Table 5 Association between predictors and total primary care scores, access and comprehensiveness of services available mean scores with unstandardized beta values among 631 patients attending outpatient clinics in Neno, Malawi (August – September, 2016)a

From: Quality of primary care from patients’ perspective: a cross sectional study of outpatients’ experience in public health facilities in rural Malawi

  B 95% CI p value
Model 1: Total primary care scores
 Reference 15.8 15.1, 16.4  
 Facility F 2.3 1.6, 3.1 < 0.001
 Upper Neno 0.9 0.4, 1.4 < 0.001
 Self-rated health = good 1.1 0.3, 1.3 < 0.001
 Duration of contact > 4 years 0.8 0.6, 1.7 0.001
 Education >at least secondary −0.8 −1.3, −0.2 0.011
 Self -rated health = very good/excellent 0.9 0.2, 1.6 0.013
 Acute presentation −0.6 −1.1, − 0.1 0.017
 Male sex 0.5 0.03, 1.0 0.036
  Unadjusted R2 12.1%
  Adjusted R2 10.9%
Model 2 First contact access dimension scores
 Reference 2.9 2.9, 3.1  
 Facility F 0.8 0.8, 1.0 < 0.001
 Facility G −0.8 −0.8, −0.6 < 0.001
 Facility H −0.6 −0.6, − 0.4 < 0.001
 Facility I − 0.3 − 0.3, − 0.1 0.001
 chronic condition −0.2 − 0.2, − 0.1 0.003
 Cost of travel >MK500 0.1 0.1, 0.3 0.047
 Unadjusted R2 30.1%
 Adjusted R2 29.4%
Model 3 Comprehensiveness of services available dimension sum scores
 Reference 2.0 1.9, 2.2  
 Upper Neno 0.9 0.7, 1.1 < 0.001
 Facility B 1.2 1.0, 1.5 < 0.001
 Facility C −1.2 −1.5, −1.0 < 0.001
 Facility D −1.1 − 1.4, −0.9 < 0.001
  Facility F −0.9 − 1.1, − 0.7 < 0.001
 Education >at least secondary − 0.2 − 0.4, − 0.1 0.002
 Travel time > 1 h 0.2 0.03, 0.3 0.012
 Self -health rating = very good/excellent 0.1 0.01, 0.2 0.04
 Unadjusted R2 26.1%
 Adjusted R2 25.2%
  1. aMultivariate regression with stepwise exclusion method where significant predictors are retained in the models