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Table 4 Linear regression models assessing association between sociodemographic and health care factors and total primary care scores with unstandardized beta values among 631 patients attending outpatient clinics in Neno district, Malawi (August–September, 2016)

From: Quality of primary care from patients’ perspective: a cross sectional study of outpatients’ experience in public health facilities in rural Malawi

Factor B 95%CI P value
Sexa
 Femalec 17.1 16.8, 17.4  
 Male 0.7 0.2, 1.2 0.01
Agea
 18–30 yearsc 17.2 16.8, 17.6  
 30–45 years 0.2 − 0.3, 0.8 0.43
 > 45 years 0.4 − 0.3, 1.1 0.24
Educationb
 0–5 years primaryc 17.0 16.5, 17.4  
 6–8 years primary 0.3 − 0.2, 0.9 0.23
 At least secondary −0.4 −1.1, 0.3 0.28
Geographical locationb
 Lower Nenoc 16.8 16.4, 17.3  
 Upper Neno 0.5 0.04, 1.0 0.033
Distance to facilityb
 < 1 h walkc 16.9 16.5, 17.4  
 > 1 h walk 0.2 −0.3, 0.7 0.38
Cost of travel to facilityb
 0 MKc 17.1 16.7, 17.5  
 1–500 MK − 1.0 −1.8, − 0.2 0.016
 > 500 MK 0.2 −0.4, 0.8 0.57
Waiting times at facility
 Up to 30 minsc 17.0 16.5, 17.5  
 30–90 min − 0.3 −0.9, 0.3 0.31
 > 90 mins 0.4 −0.2, 1.0 0.20
Duration of contactb
 Up to 2 yearsc 16.3 15.7, 17.0  
 2–4 years 0.3 −0.5, 1.2 0.42
 > 4 years 1.1 0.4, 1.2 0.003
Reason for attendanceb
 Chronic conditionc 17.4 16.9, 17.9  
 Acute condition −.0.6 −1.0, − 0.1 0.03
Self-rated health statusb
 Poor – fairc 16.4 15.8, 16.9  
 Good 0.8 0.1, 1.5 0.034
 > good 0.9 0.3, 1.4 0.002
By health facilityb
 Ac (hospital outpatient clinic) 18.3 17.5, 19.1  
 B (health center) −1.2 −1.2, −0.2 0.018
 C (health center) −0.6 −1.6, 0.5 0.30
 D (health center) −1.5 −2.5, −0.4 0.006
 E (health center) −1.6 −2.7, −0.6 0.002
 F (hospital outpatient clinic) 0.5 −0.53, 1.51 0.34
 G (health center) −2.0 −3.1, −1.0 < 0.001
 H (health center) −1.7 −2.8, −0.7 0.001
 I (health center) −2.0 −3.0, −1.0 < 0.001
 J (health center) −1.5 −2.7, −0.4 0.01
  1. aunadjusted linear regression models
  2. blinear regression models adjusted for sex and age
  3. cReference