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Table 2 Sociodemographic, health care and health characteristics among 631 patients attending outpatient clinics in Neno district, Malawi in August and September, 2016 compared between sexes

From: Quality of primary care from patients’ perspective: a cross sectional study of outpatients’ experience in public health facilities in rural Malawi

Characteristic Female (n = 410) (%) Male (n = 221) (%)
Age
 18–30 years 197 (48.0) 73 (33.0)
 31–45 years 152 (37.1) 94 (42.6)
 Above 45 61 (14.9) 54 (24.4)**
Education
 None 48 (11.7) 12 (5.5)
 Up to 5 years primary 153 (37.3) 58 (26.2)
 5–8 years primary 145 (35.4) 95 (43.0)
 At least secondary 64 (15.6) 56 (25.3)**
Duration of contact with facility
 Up to 2 years 66 (16.1) 27 (12.2)
 2–4 years 88 (21.5) 41 (18.6)
 > 4 years 256 (62.4) 153 (69.2)
Time to walk to facility
 < 1 h 198 (48.3) 136 (61.5)
 ≥ 1 h 212 (51.7) 85 (38.5)*
Cost of travel to facility#
 0 MK 299 (73.9) 143 (64.7)
 Up to 500 MK 45 (11.0) 17 (7.7)
 > 500 MK 66 (.15.1) 61 (27.6)*
Waiting time at facility
 Up to 30 mins 167 (40.7) 69 (31.2)
 30–90 min 136 (33.2) 81 (36.7)
 > 90mins 107 (26.1) 71 (32.1)
Reason for attending facility
 Chronic condition 161 (39.3) 89 (40.3)
 Acute condition 249 (60.7) 132(59.7)
Self-rated health status
 Poor to fair 129 (31.5) 83 (37.6)
 Good 60 (14.6) 36 (16.3)
 Very good to excellent 221 (54.0) 102(46.1)
Geographical location
 Upper Neno 153 (37.3) 106 (48.0)
 Lower Neno 257 (62.7) 115 (52.0)*
  1. Chi squared p value * < 0.01
  2. **< 0.001
  3. # 500MK is close to US$0.75