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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics and Unadjusted Healthcare Process and Utilization Variables

From: Timing of physical therapy consultation on 1-year healthcare utilization and costs in patients seeking care for neck pain: a retrospective cohort

  Total Sample N = 308 Early Physical Therapy Consultation (n = 160) Delayed Physical Therapy Consultation (n = 74) Late Physical Therapy Consultation (n = 74) P
Patient Demographics
 Age 48.7 (14.5) 48.0 (15.2) 49.8 (14.0) 49.0 (13.6) 0.67
 Sex (% female) 69.2% 68.8% 71.6% 67.6% 0.86
Comorbidities
 Low Back Pain 66.2% 62.5% 59.5% 81.1% 0.01
 Chronic or generalized pain 29.9% 21.3% 31.1% 47.3% < 0.001
 Substance abuse 14.9% 9.4% 18.9% 23.0% 0.01
 Depression 34.7% 33.8% 28.4% 43.2% 0.15
 Anxiety 26.6% 26.9% 25.7% 27.0% 0.98
 Fibromyalgia 21.8% 21.3% 18.9% 25.7% 0.59
 Tobacco use 16.2% 11.9% 17.6% 24.3% 0.05
 Obesity 15.6% 15.0% 16.2% 16.2% 0.95
Healthcare Process variables
 Plan type (% privately insured) 29.2% 30.6% 25.7% 29.7% 0.74
 Duration of Healthcare Episode of Care (HC-EOC)
(Days)
(median, IQR)
155 (284) 49 (206) 139 (256) 319 (103) < 0.001
 Duration of PT Treatment (PT-DOT)
(Days)
(median, IQR)
22 (58) 22 (68) 22 (47) 13 (76) 0.5
 Number of PT visits
(median, IQR)
3 (6) 3 (7) 4 (6) 3 (4) 0.17
Healthcare Utilization Outcomes
 Spinal Injections 35.1% 20.0% 50.0% 52.7% < 0.001
 Prescribed opioids in 1-year from the index visit 62.7% 55.0% 59.5% 82.4% 0.03
Imaging
 MRI (%) 22.7% 10.6% 31.1% 40.5% < 0.001
 X-ray(%) 41.2% 27.5% 55.4% 56.8% < 0.001
 CT 7.1% 3.8% 5.4% 16.2% < 0.001