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Table 4 Determinants of poverty incidence in rural and urban areas of Shaanxi

From: Assessing the effects of the percentage of chronic disease in households on health payment-induced poverty in Shaanxi Province, China

  Poverty incidence
Rural areas OR(95%CI) Urban areas OR(95%CI)
Health payment
 Yes 2.89(2.47–3.39) * 2.20(1.71–2.83) *
 No Ref  
The percentage of chronic disease in the households 0.99(0.99–1.00) 0.99(0.99–1.00)
Health payment × The percentage of chronic disease in the households 1.01(1.01–1.02) * 1.01(1.00–1.01) *
Household size
 1~ 2 ref  
 3~ 4 3.72(3.10–4.46) * 1.65(1.21–2.25) *
  ≥ 5 13.99(9.88–19.80) * 4.19(2.31–7.62)*
Having children in the household
 Yes 1.28(0.20–7.78) 1.05(0.68–1.63)
 No Ref  
Household head’s gender
 Female Ref  
 Male 0.55(0.47–0.65) * 0.68(0.54–0.86) *
Household head’s educational level
 Illiteracy Ref  
 Elementary 0.55(0.46–0.67) * 0.83(0.62–1.01)
 Middle school 0.40(0.33–0.49) * 0.56(0.41–0.75) *
 High school 0.39(0.28–0.52) * 0.57(0.38–0.86) *
 University 0.17(0.09–0.33) * 0.26(0.13–0.53) *
Household head’s marriage   
 Unmarried Ref  
 Married 5.94(0.51–7.83) 3.32(0.82–6.01)
 Else 2.54(0.92–3.39) 2.63(0.43–4.86)
Outpatient service usage
 Yes 0.97(0.81–1.15) 0.93(0.71–1.21)
 No Ref  
Inpatient service usage
 Yes 1.72(1.57–1.90) * 1.62(1.45–1.86) *
 No Ref  
Low-income family
 Yes 2.06(1.58–2.69) * 0.55(0.29–1.07)
 No Ref  
Region
 Guanzhong 1.36(1.17–1.58) * 1.26(0.99–1.60)
 Shanbei 1.16(0.97–1.40) 0.55(0.39–0.41) *
 Shannan Ref  
  1. *P ≤ 0.05