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Table 1 Baseline socio-demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Healthcare utilization and cost trajectories post-stroke: role of caregiver and stroke factors

  Na (%)
Age
 <  65 years 367 (62.0)
 > = 65 years 225 (38.0)
Gender
 Male 393 (66.4)
 Female 199 (33.6)
Ethnicity
 Chinese 402 (67.9)
 Non-Chinese 190 (32.1)
Religion
 Religion 542 (91.7)
 No Religion 49 (8.3)
Marital status
 Married 413 (69.8)
 Single 179 (30.2)
Comorbid conditions present
 No 66 (11.2)
 Yes 526 (88.8)
Ward class
 Unsubsidized 50 (8.5)
 Subsidized 542 (91.5)
Stroke Type
 Ischemic 518 (87.8)
 Non-ischemic 72 (12.2)
National Institute of Health Stroke Scale
 Mild (0–4) 339 (60.5)
 Moderately severe (5–14) 196 (35.0)
 Severe (15–24) 25 (4.5)
Barthel Index
 Independence (100) 130 (24.7)
 Slight Dependence (91–99) 82 (15.6)
 Moderate Dependence (61–90) 156 (29.7)
 Severe Dependence (21–60) 80 (15.2)
 Total Dependence (0–20) 78 (14.8)
Modified Rankin Scale
 No or slight disability (0–2) 255 (43.8)
 Moderate or severe disability (3–5) 327 (56.2)
Mini-Mental State Examination
 No cognitive impairment 312 (63.2)
 Mild cognitive impairment 121 (24.5)
 Severe cognitive impairment 61 (12.3)
Frontal Assessment Batteryb
 Mean (SD) 14 (3.9)
Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scaleb
 Mean (SD) 6.5 (5.5)
Discharge to Community Hospital
 Yes 139 (23.5)
 No 452 (76.5)
Relationship with caregiver
 None 66 (11.2)
 Spouse 299 (50.8)
 Child 151 (25.7)
 Sibling 34 (5.8)
 Others 38 (6.5)
  1. aAll numbers may not add up to total because of missing data
  2. bMissing values: Frontal Assessment Battery (70); Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (45)