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Table 6 Factors associated with current utilization of family planning

From: Knowledge and utilization of family planning methods among people living with HIV in Kathmandu, Nepal

Characteristics Current Utilization of Family Planning Methods OR (95%CI) p-value aOR (95% CI) p-value
No (n) Yes (y)
Age
 20–29 6 29 2.88 (1.08–7.65) 0.03 2.47 (0.80–7.76) 0.12
 30–39 31 95 1.57 (0.59–4.1) 0.35 0.97 (0.32–2.87) 0.96
 40–49 34 57 1    
Age at Marriage
  < 20 28 57 1 0.73   
 20–24 22 51 1.13 (0.58–2.23) 0.15   
 25–29 15 53 1.73 (0.83–3.60) 0.47   
 30+ 6 20 1.63 (0.59–4.53)    
Sex
 Female 47 74     
 Male 24 107 2.83 (1.59–5.02) < 0.05 2.48 (1.20–5.07) 0.01
Education
 Illiterate 22 21     
 Literate 49 160 3.42 (1.74–6.74) < 0.05 3.27 (1.41–7.54) 0.005
Spouse Education
 Illiterate 15 20 2.15 (1.03–4.49) 0.04 0.85 (0.32–2.30) 0.75
 Literate 56 161     
Ethnicity
 Brahmin 34 42 1   1  
 Chhetri 8 37 3.77 (1.54–9.09) < 0.01 2.40 (0.59–9.71) 0.21
 Janjati 24 90 3.03 (1.60–5.74) < 0.01 0.49 (0.11–2.13) 0.34
 Dalit 5 12 1.94 (0.62–6.05) 0.28 0.82 (0.21–3.22) 0.78
Religion
 Hindu 51 156 1    
 Buddhist 11 15 0.44 (0.19–1.03) 0.06   
 Others 9 10 0.36 (0.14–0.94) 0.05   
Time since HIV Diagnosis
 Less than 24 Months 41 95     
 More than 24 Months 30 86 1.23 (0.71–2.15) 0.48   
Use of ART
 No 13 28 0.81 (0.39–1.68) 0.58   
 Yes 58 153     
Time since ART initiation (N = 211)
 Less than 24 months 30 89 1.23 (0.66–2.26) 0.50   
 More than 24 months 27 65     
Spouse’s HIV status
 Positive 54 109 1    
 Negative 7 54 3.82 (1.63–8.96) 0.002 4.70 (1.41–15.67) 0.01
 Not tested 10 18 4.28 (1.42–12.9) 0.006 2.22 (0.83–5.95) 0.11
Disclosure with spouse
 No 7 28 1.67 (0.69–4.02) 0.25   
 Yes 64 153     
Latest CD4 count
 Less than 350 29 83 1.22 (0.70–2.13) 0.47   
 More than 350 42 98     
No of living children
 0 10 22 1    
 1–2 50 124 1.44 (.52–3.96) .47   
 3+ 11 35 1.28 (.60–2.72) .51   
HIV status of youngest children (N = 220)
 Positive 7 13 1    
 Negative 45 130 1.55 (0.58–4.14) 0.37   
 Not tested 6 19 0.58 (0.16–2.14) 0.42   
Fertility desire
 No 56 145 0.92 (0.47–1.82) 0.82   
 Yes 15 36     
Intention of becoming pregnant in coming 6 months
 No 33 167 0.44 (0.13–1.52) 0.24   
 Yes 4 9     
  1. Significant values are highlighted in boldface