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Table 1 Qualitative study design

From: Surgeons and preventative health: protocol for a mixed methods study of current practice, beliefs and attitudes influencing health promotion activities amongst public hospital surgeons

Domain 1: Research team and reflexivity
Personal characteristics
1. Interviewer/facilitator All interviews will be conducted by the same member of the study team.
2. Credentials The interviewer will be a masters-level trained research assistant.
3. Occupation The interviewer will be employed full-time as a project officer.
4. Gender The interviewer will be male.
Relationship with participants
6. Relationship established Potential interviewees will be contacted with a standardised recruitment email to introduce the study and the interviewer and to request their participation.
7. Participant knowledge of the interviewer The recruitment email will explain the study goals and why the interviewer is interested in conducting this research. This information will be reviewed at the start of each interview.
8. Interviewer characteristics The recruitment email will provide information about the research team, including the interviewer. This information will be reviewed at the start of each interview.
Domain 2: Study design
Theoretical framework
9. Methodological orientation and theory The qualitative portion of the study will use a qualitative description approach.
Participant selection
10. Sampling Potential interviewees will be selected based on their practicing status in the target hospital.
11. Method of approach Potential interviewees will be approached with a standardised recruitment email.
12. Sample size We anticipate conducting 5 to 10 interviews.
13. Non-participation We will document any reasons provided by those who decline to participate as well as any individuals who do not respond to our recruitment email.
Setting
14. Setting of data collection Data will be collected via interviews conducted in person.
15. Presence of non-participants We anticipate that the interviewer and interviewee will be the only individuals present.
16. Description of sample The sample will include Orthopaedic and General surgeons and their registrars consulting out of the target hospital.
Data collection
17. Interview guide The interview guide will be developed by the study team. It will be pilot-tested and refined before data collection begins.
18. Repeat interviews We do not anticipate conducting repeat interviews.
19. Audio/visual recording Once permission is granted, interviews will be audio recorded.
20. Field notes The interviewer will draft summary notes immediately after concluding each interview.
21. Duration We anticipate that interviews will last no more than 30 min.
Domain 3: Analysis and findings
Data analysis
24. Number of data coders We plan to have two coders pilot a sub-sample of transcripts. Once discrepancies are resolved and the codebook is finalised, the full set of transcripts will be coded by one individual.
25. Description of the coding tree We plan to develop a coding tree (i.e., codebook) based on a review of the literature, a priori knowledge within the study team, and summary notes from interviews.
26. Derivation of themes Themes will be derived once data have been coded. Preliminary themes may be identified based on discussions with the interviewer and review of field notes.
27. Software We plan to use NVivo qualitative research software.
28. Participant checking A bulleted list of key findings will be shared with participants once data have been coded and analysed.
Reporting
29. Quotations presented Quotations from interviews will be used to present findings, and they will be accompanied by an interviewee identification number.
30. Data and findings consistent Our planned use of quotations will allow for assessment of consistency between our data and findings. We will also create supplemental tables with additional quotations to share as much information as possible when presenting our findings.
31. Clarity of major themes We plan to use sub-headings listing our major themes to promote clarity when writing up our findings.
32. Clarify of minor themes We plan to provide quotations from interviewees who raised minor themes or shared information contrary to findings of our major themes.