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Table 5 HIV knowledge among adolescents living with HIV from 11 ART clinics in Cambodia

From: Characteristics of adolescents living with HIV receiving care and treatment services in antiretroviral therapy clinics in Cambodia: descriptive findings from a cross-sectional study

HIV knowledge Total
(n = 328)
Males
(n = 169)
Females
(n = 159)
 
n (%) n (%) n (%) P-value*
HIV is a virus that attacks a person’s immune system 0.45
 True (correct) 263 (80.2) 140 (82.8) 123 (77.4)  
 False 44 (13.4) 20 (11.8) 24 (15.1)  
 Don’t know 21 (6.4) 9 (5.3) 12 (7.5)  
The cells of the immune system that fight infection are called CD4 cells 0.03
 True (correct) 203 (61.9) 116 (68.6) 87 (54.7)  
 False 22 (6.7) 8 (4.7) 14 (8.8)  
 Don’t know 103 (31.4) 45 (26.6) 58 (36.5)  
The amount of HIV in a person’s blood is called viral load 0.004
 True (correct) 160 (48.8) 97 (57.4) 63 (39.6)  
 False 26 (7.9) 13 (7.7) 13 (8.2)  
 Don’t know 142 (43.3) 59 (34.9) 83 (52.2)  
There is a cure for AIDS 0.38
 True (correct) 138 (42.1) 67 (39.6) 71 (44.7)  
 False 165 (50.3) 93 (53.8) 74 (46.5)  
 Don’t know 25 (7.6) 11 (6.5) 14 (8.8)  
You can tell a person has HIV by looking at him or her 0.09
 True (incorrect) 46 (14.0) 29 (17.2) 17 (10.7)  
 False 269 (82.0) 136 (80.5) 133 (83.6)  
 Don’t know 13 (4.0) 4 (2.4) 9 (5.7)  
A person with HIV will stay healthy if their CD4 cells are high and their viral load is low 0.99
 True (correct) 284 (86.6) 146 (86.4) 138 (86.8)  
 False 23 (7.0) 12 (7.1) 11 (6.9)  
 Don’t know 21 (6.4) 11 (6.5) 10 (6.3)  
Even though a person with HIV may feel healthy, the virus can still be damaging his or her immune system 0.86
 True (correct) 248 (75.6) 127 (75.1) 121 (76.1)  
 False 65 (19.8) 35 (20.7) 30 (18.9)  
 Don’t know 15 (4.6) 7 (4.1) 8 (5.0)  
If sexual partners are both living with HIV, they don’t have to use condoms 0.07
 True (incorrect)   61 (36.1) 64 (40.3)  
 False   89 (52.7) 66 (41.5)  
 Don’t know   19 (11.2) 29 (18.2)  
If people living with HIV take medicine, they don’t have to use condoms 0.005
 True (incorrect) 86 (26.2) 41 (24.3) 45 (28.3)  
 False 193 (58.8) 112 (66.3) 81 (50.9)  
 Don’t know 49 (14.9) 16 (9.5) 33 (20.8)  
It is okay for people living with HIV to miss their medicines 0.02
 True (incorrect) 43 (13.1) 14 (8.3) 29 (18.2)  
 False 277 (83.5) 148 (87.6) 126 (79.2)  
 Don’t know 11 (3.4) 7 (4.1) 4 (2.5)  
  1. Values are number (%) for categorical variables and mean (standard deviation) for continuous variables
  2. * Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test as appropriate was used for continuous variables and Student’s t-test for continuous variables