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Table 3 Awareness and disclosure of HIV status among adolescents living with HIV from 11 ART clinics in Cambodia

From: Characteristics of adolescents living with HIV receiving care and treatment services in antiretroviral therapy clinics in Cambodia: descriptive findings from a cross-sectional study

  Total
(n = 328)
Males
(n = 169)
Females
(n = 159)
 
n (%) n (%) n (%) P-value*
General understanding about HIV and AIDS  
What is your disease? 0.19
 HIV/AIDS 310 (94.5) 157 (92.9) 153 (96.2)  
 Don’t know 18 (5.5) 12 (7.1) 6 (3.8)  
Do you know how is this disease transmitted?  
 Don’t know 8 (2.6) 5 (3.2) 3 (2.0) 0.5
 Mother to child 207 (67.4) 114 (72.0) 95 (62.1) 0.04
 Unprotected sex 236 (76.1) 119 (75.8) 117 (76.5) 0.89
 Sharing needles 178 (57.4) 90 (57.3) 88 (57.5) 0.97
 Blood transfusion 191 (61.6) 82 (52.2) 109 (71.2) 0.001
 Other 65 (21.0) 35 (22.3) 30 (19.6) 0.56
Awareness about self and disclosure  
Do you know how you have been infected? 0.97
 From mother 256 (82.6) 189 (82.2) 127 (83.0)  
 Don’t know 54 (17.4) 28 (17.8) 26 (17.0)  
Do you know what kind of medicine you have received? 0.16
 Pre-ART 6 (1.9) 1 (0.6) 5 (3.3)  
 ART 268 (86.5) 141 (89.2) 127 (83.6)  
 Don’t know 36 (11.6) 16 (10.1) 20 (13.2)  
Have you ever disclosed your HIV status to anyone? 0.03
 None 167 (54.0) 77 (48.7) 90 (59.6)  
 Siblings 72 (23.3) 47 (29.7) 25 (16.6)  
 School teachers 6 (1.9) 3 (1.9) 3 (2.0)  
 Friends 44 (14.2) 18 (11.4) 26 (17.2)  
 Other (please specify) 20 (6.5) 13 (8.2) 7 (4.6)  
  1. Values are number (%) for categorical variables and mean (standard deviation) for continuous variables
  2. * Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test as appropriate was used for continuous variables, and Student’s t-test for continuous variables