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Table 1 Characteristics of adolescents living with HIV from 11 ART clinics in Cambodia

From: Characteristics of adolescents living with HIV receiving care and treatment services in antiretroviral therapy clinics in Cambodia: descriptive findings from a cross-sectional study

Socio-demographic characteristics Total
(n = 328)
Males
(n = 169)
Females
(n = 159)
 
n (%) n (%) n (%) P-value*
Mean age (in years) 15.9 ± 0.8 15.8 ± 0.8 16.0 ± 0.8 0.06
Level of formal education     0.76
 Primary school or lower 92 (28.0) 50 (20.7) 42 (26.4)  
 Secondary school 168 (51.3) 86 (50.9) 82 (51.6)  
 High school or higher 68 (20.7) 33 (19.5) 35 (22.0)  
Currently living with:     0.33
 Parents 140 (42.7) 73 (43.2) 67 (42.1)  
 Grandparents 49 (14.9) 29 (12.7) 20 (12.6)  
 Relatives 106 (32.3) 54 (32.0) 52 (32.7)  
 In an orphanage 27 (8.2) 12 (7.1) 15 (9.4)  
 Other 6 (1.8) 1 (0.6) 5 (3.1)  
Mother is still alive     0.18
 No 167 (60.9) 80 (47.3) 87 (54.7)  
 Yes 161 (49.1) 89 (52.7) 72 (45.3)  
Mother’s education level     0.12
 No education 20 (12.7) 7 (8.1) 13 (18.1)  
 Primary school 53 (33.5) 27 (31.4) 26 (36.1)  
 Secondary school 24 (15.2) 14 (16.3) 10 (13.9)  
 High school or higher 24 (15.2) 12 (14.0) 12 (16.7)  
 Don’t know 37 (23.4) 26 (30.2) 11 (15.3)  
Father is still alive     0.82
 No 198 (60.4) 101 (59.8) 97 (61.0)  
 Yes 130 (39.6) 68 (40.2) 62 (39.0)  
Father’s education level     0.04
 No education 9 (5.6) 4 (6.2) 3 (4.3)  
 Primary school 33 (26.2) 12 (18.8) 21 (33.9)  
 Secondary school 18 (14.3) 8 (12.5) 10 (16.1)  
 High school or higher 28 (24.3) 9 (14.1) 14 (22.6)  
 Don’t know 45 (35.7) 31 (48.4) 14 (22.6)  
Main daily caregiver:     0.57
 Parent 187 (57.0) 102 (60.4) 85 (53.5)  
 Grand parent 5 (1.5) 2 (1.2) 3 (1.9)  
 Sibling 24 (7.3) 9 (5.3) 15 (9.4)  
 Relatives 100 (30.5) 50 (29.6) 50 (31.4)  
 Orphanage/NGO staff 12 (3.7) 6 (3.6) 6 (3.8)  
Main caregiver’s education level: < 0.001
 Primary school or lower 14 (7.2) 2 (2.1) 12 (12.1)  
 Secondary school 40 (20.5) 8 (8.3) 32 (32.3)  
 High school 11 (5.6) 6 (6.2) 5 (5.1)  
 University or higher 29 (14.9) 16 (16.7) 13 (13.1)  
 Don’t know 101 (51.8) 64 (66.7) 37 (37.4)  
  1. Values are number (%) for categorical variables and mean (standard deviation) for continuous variables
  2. * Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test as appropriate was used for continuous variables, and Student’s t-test for continuous variables