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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population and percentage with no GP (DEGS1)

From: Determinants of having no general practitioner in Germany and the influence of a migration background: results of the German health interview and examination survey for adults (DEGS1)

  Study population (total)
na (%b)
% (95% CI)b of total population with no GP p valuec
Total 7755 (100) 9.5 (8.4–10.7)  
Migration background ***
 One-sided 349 (4.8) 8.0 (5.1–12.2)  
 Two-sided 753 (15.1) 16.9 (13.7–20.7)  
 No 6552 (80.1) 8.1 (7.1–9.3)  
Gender ***
 Male 3682 (49.7) 11.4 (10.0–13.0)  
 Female 4073 (50.3) 7.6 (6.4–9.0)  
Age group (years) ***
 18–29 1063 (19.1) 17.9 (14.8–21.4)  
 30–44 1693 (25.4) 11.8 (9.9–14.1)  
 45–64 3051 (36.5) 6.6 (5.5–8.0)  
 65–79 1948 (19.0) 3.3 (2.4–4.6)  
Residential area (inhabitants) ***
 Rural (<  5000) 1428 (16.2) 5.5 (4.2–7.1)  
 Small town (5000 - < 20,000) 1904 (23.3) 7.3 (5.7–9.2)  
 Medium-sized town (20,000 - < 100,000) 2244 (29.5) 8.0 (6.6–9.7)  
 Big city (100,000+) 2179 (31.0) 14.6 (12.3–17.3)  
Marital status ***
 Married 5051 (62.3) 7.4 (6.3–8.6)  
 Single 1670 (26.5) 15.9 (13.5–18.6)  
 Divorced/widowed 957 (11.2) 6.2 (4.4–8.6)  
SES ***
 Low 1167 (18.9) 10.1 (7.9–12.7)  
 Medium 4654 (60.6) 7.9 (6.7–9.2)  
 High 1903 (20.4) 13.8 (11.4–16.5)  
Excess work (≥50 h/week) ***
 Yes 592 (8.3) 13.7 (10.8–17.3)  
 No 3839 (54.9) 10.6 (9.1–12.3)  
 Non-working/65+ years 3196 (36.8) 6.9 (5.7–8.4)  
General state of health ***
 Very good/good 5723 (75.2) 10.9 (9.6–12.4)  
 Average/bad/very bad 2005 (24.8) 5.1 (3.8–6.7)  
Chronic diseases ***
 Yes 2504 (30.4) 3.7 (2.8–5.0)  
 No 4875 (69.6) 11.9 (10.4–13.6)  
Health insurance ***
 Statutory 6749 (87.9) 8.3 (7.2–9.6)  
 Private 527 (6.7) 19.6 (15.5–24.5)  
 Others 468 (5.4) 16.0 (11.9–21.2)  
  1. aUnweighted n may not add up to total n due to missing responses
  2. b Weighted results to match the German population structure on 31th December 2010
  3. cP values: Comparison between adults having a GP and having no GP, *** p < 0.001 ** p < 0.01 * p < 0.05