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Table 3 Hierarchical regression analyses with personal characteristics (1), category (2), social capital, decision latitude and workload (3) and work engagement dimensions (4) (explanatory variables) and quality of care unit and hospital (dependent variables)

From: Staff empowerment and engagement in a magnet® recognized and joint commission international accredited academic centre in Belgium: a cross-sectional survey

Quality of care unit: good or excellent (1) versus fair poor (0) Quality of care unit: excellent (1) versus good or fair or poor (0)  
  B SE OR 95% C.I. adjR2   B SE OR 95% C.I. adjR2
N = 1048     Lower Upper   N = 1070     Lower Upper  
Generations    **     Generations    ***    
 Generations (Z) −.862 .471 .42 .17 1.06    Generations (Z) −1.782 .451 .17*** .07 .41  
 Generations (Y) −1.048 .300 .35*** .20 .63    Generations (Y) −1.037 .219 .36*** .23 .54  
 Generations (X) −.417 .316 .66 .36 1.23    Generations (X) −.223 .198 .80 .54 1.18  
 Gender (male) −.276 .243 .76 .47 1.22 .047  Gender (male) −.108 .200 .90 .61 1.33 .070
Professional Category   *     Professional Category   ***    
 Category (1) −.574 .297 .56 .32 1.01    Category (1) −1.122 .207 .33*** .22 .49  
 Category 2) −.985 .373 .37** .18 .78 .056  Category 2) −1.401 .320 .25*** .13 .46 .118
 Social capital 1.518 .208 4.56*** 3.04 6.86    Social capital 1.532 .177 4.63*** 3.27 6.55  
 Decision latitude .155 .330 1.17 .61 2.23    Decision latitude .676 .256 1.97*** 1.19 3.25  
 Workload −.408 .212 .67 .44 1.01 .245  Workload −.307 .163 .74 .53 1.01 .290
 Vigor .303 .109 1.35** 1.09 1.68    Vigor −.114 .109 .89 .72 1.11  
 Dedication .149 .138 1.16 .89 1.52    Dedication .232 .145 1.26 .95 1.68  
 Absorption −.057 .116 .95 .75 1.19 .276  Absorption .046 .099 1.05 0.86 1.27 .295
Quality of care hospital: improved or certainly improved (1) versus deteriorated or certainly deteriorated (0) Quality of care hospital: certainly improved (1) versus improved or deteriorated or certainly deteriorated (0)  
  B SE OR 95% C.I. adjR2   B SE OR 95% C.I. adjR2
N = 1056     Lower Upper   N = 1054     Lower Upper  
Generations        Generations       
 Generations (Z) 1.048 .446 2.85* 1.19 6.84    Generations (Z) −.611 .542 .54 .19 1.57  
 Generations (Y) −.119 .216 .89 .58 1.36    Generations (Y) −.310 .307 .73 .40 1.34  
 Generations (X) −.131 .214 .88 .58 1.33    Generations (X) −.198 .287 .82 .47 1.44  
 Gender (male) .264 .209 1.30 .86 1.96 .024  Gender (male) .002 .278 1.00 .58 1.73 .008
Professional Category   ***     Professional Category      
 Category (1) −1.276 .269 .28*** .17 .47    Category (1) −.0660 .297 .94 .52 1.68  
 Category 2) −.741 .361 .48* .24 ;97 .070  Category 2) −.258 .463 .77 .31 1.91 .010
 Social capital .679 .162 1.97*** 1.44 2.71    Social capital .815 .263 2.26** 1.42 3.59  
 Decision latitude 0,426 .264 1.53 .91 2.57    Decision latitude 1.349 .343 3.86*** 1.97 7.55  
 Workload − 1059 .173 .35*** .25 0.49 .191  Workload −.459 .226 .63* .41 .98 .129
 Vigor 0.139 .094 1.15 .96 1.38    Vigor .316 .199 1.37 .93 2.03  
 Dedication −.038 .118 .96 .76 1.21    Dedication −.147 .247 .86 .53 1.40  
 Absorption .104 .094 1.11 .92 1.33 .204  Absorption .327 .162 1.39* 1.01 1.91 .166
  1. ***P-value < .001; **P-value < .01; *P-value < .05; OR = Odds Ratio 95% CI [lower and upper bound]; Adjusted R2 reported additionally; Baby boomers as indicator; Female as indicator; Medical staff as indicator, nursing staff/category 1, healthcare staff/category 2; Social capital, decision latitude, workload and work engagement dimensions mean value