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Table 9 Outcomes of the interventions as reported in the papers

From: Developing and evaluating clinical leadership interventions for frontline healthcare providers: a review of the literature

Author Country Year Outcomes of the interventions as reported in the papers
Cleary et al. [38] Australia 2005 Intervention useful to their work,
Improved communication, clinical skills, teamwork
Ferguson et al. [39] Australia 2007 Opportunity to review care practices, development of QI plans, improved observation and feedback skills, team building
Williams et al. [40] Australia 2009 Evaluated positively bay all stakeholders
Travaglia et al. [41] Australia 2011 Feeling of empowerment to implement change in the work environment, improved communication, unit performance and patient flow
MacPhail et al. [23] Australia 2015 High satisfaction with the intervention, feasible, increased willingness to lead teams and work as part of multidisciplinary teams
Leggat et al. [42] Australia 2016 Improved leadership practices, emotional intelligence, psychological empowerment patient safety skills
Dierckx de Casterelé [45] Belgium 2008 Self-awareness enhanced communication skills, improvement of the work environment
Miller and Dalton [25] England 2011 Successful in building teamwork and communication
Leeson and Millar [26] England 2013 Positive experience, ability to take responsibility for action, change in working practices
Enterkin et al. [27] England 2013 Feelings of empowerment, self-awareness and confidence, ability to delegate, and empower others, feeling of support from management
Phillips and Byrne [31] England 2013 Increased understanding of participants’ contribution to patient care
Castillo and James [32] England 2013 Improved confidence, better communication, increased problem-solving skills
Stoll et al. [33] England 2011 Greater understand of service delivery, change in care processes and procedures
Miani et al. [34] England 2013 Enhanced leadership and communication skills, team management skills, increased confidence, improved patient experience
Runnacle et al. [35] England 2013 Improvement in use of quality improvement skills
Lunn et al. [28] Ireland 2008 Enhanced communication, problem solving and decision-making skills, ability to empower teams
McNamara et al. [29] Ireland 2014 Supportive and contributes to clinical leadership skills development
Fealy et al. [36] Ireland 2015 Service development, improved care practices
Patton et al. [37] Ireland 2013 Increased self-awareness, improved communication skills and team work
Pearson et al. [30] Scotland 2010 Good in preparing participants for work challenges, increased ability to manage relationships
Martin et al. [46] Switzerland 2012 Improved ability to inspire shared vision, and challenging the process
Kling [43] USA 2010 Positive experience, enhanced basic nursing skills and knowledge, improved time management and delegation skills
Abraham [44] USA 2011 Improved decision-making skills
Lekan et al. [24] USA 2011 Improved communication skills, ability to delegate, skills to lead practice, patient outcomes, promotion of nurses to supervisory posts