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Table 4 Adjusted odds ratios of having access to PCMH care among adults with chronic conditions, 2010–2015a

From: Patient-centered medical home care access among adults with chronic conditions: National Estimates from the medical expenditure panel survey

Independent Variable Has a PCMH OR b 95% CI P
  No Yes    
Predisposing N N    
Age (Years)     
19 to 40 4299 1124 1.00    
41 to 65 8213 2014 0.93 0.82 1.06 0.3
66 and older 3931 822 0.80 0.67 0.95 0.01
Sex
 Female 9926 2270 1.00    
 Male 6517 1690 1.08 0.99 1.18 0.05
Race
 Non-white 5485 1349 1.00    
 White 10,958 2611 1.003 0.88 1.13 0.9
Marital Status
 Married 8508 2302 1.00    
 Never Married 3465 807 0.87 0.75 1.01 0.06
 Separated 4470 851 0.78 0.67 0.91 0.001
Education Years
  < 12 Years 2980 525 1.00    
 12 Years 3833 931 1.17 0.99 1.37 0.05
  > 12 Years 6956 1920 1.25 1.05 1.48 0.01
Enabling
Health Insurance
 Any Private 9708 2714 1.00    
 Public Only 5319 982 0.71 0.63 0.81 <.0001
 Uninsured 1416 264 0.73 0.59 0.91 0.005
Employment Status
 Employed 8656 2350 1.00    
 Not employed 7734 1602 0.83 0.74 0.93 0.001
Family Income Categorical
 High 5001 1514 1.00    
 Middle 4747 1166 0.89 0.77 1.03 0.1
 Poor/ Low 6695 1280 0.67 0.57 0.78 <.0001
Census Region
 Midwest 3175 898 1.00    
 Northeast 2538 817 1.11 0.89 1.39 0.3
 South 6583 1289 0.64 0.52 0.78 <.0001
 West 4147 956 0.76 0.61 0.96 0.02
Healthcare Need
Self-Reported Health
 Excellent/Good 1,1957 3187 1.00    
 Fair/Poor 4157 715 0.65 0.56 0.76 <.0001
Chronic Conditions (Yes vs No)
 Hypertension 8350 1857 0.90 0.80 1.01 0.09
 Hyperlipidemia 6359 1373 0.88 0.79 0.98 0.02
 Mood Disorders 3259 643 0.79 0.69 0.90 0.0006
 Diabetes Mellitus 3673 801 0.95 0.83 1.07 0.4
 Anxiety Disorders 2976 613 0.81 0.707 0.93 0.002
 Upper Respiratory Conditions 5888 1517 1.14 1.01 1.28 0.02
 Arthritis 7682 1568 0.78 0.70 0.87 <.0001
 Asthma 2071 486 0.93 0.80 1.06 0.3
 Coronary Artery Disease 1787 410 0.96 0.82 1.11 0.5
  1. Abbreviations: PCMH indicates Patient-Centered Medical Home; CI, confidence interval
  2. aSample size (N) is unweighted; Percentage weighted using weights provided with 2010–2015 MEPS
  3. bAdjusted Odds Ratio