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Table 2 Prescribing Practices by Provider Type

From: Assessing practice pattern differences in the treatment of acute low back pain in the United States Military Health System

  NSAID Prescriptions OR (95% CI) Opiate Prescriptions OR (95% CI) Plain Radiography OR (95% CI) Computed Tomography OR (95% CI) MRI OR (95% CI)
Provider Type
 Physician 1 1 1 1 1
 Nurse Practitioner 1.21 (1.18–1.24)* 0.82 (0.80–0.85)* 1.15 (1.11–1.19)* 0.43 (0.33–0.58)* 0.93 (0.87–1.00)*
 Physician Assistant 1.38 (1.35–1.41)* 0.92 (0.89–0.94)* 1.25 (1.22–1.28)* 0.58 (0.48–0.71)* 0.94 (0.89–0.99)*
 Physician Resident 0.81 (0.75–0.86)* 0.72 (0.66–0.79)* 0.84 (0.77–0.93)* 0.35 (0.16–0.80)* 0.77 (0.63–0.93)*
Personnel Category
 Active Duty 1 1 1 1 1
 Civilian 0.98 (0.96–1.01) 1.15 (1.11–1.18)* 1.06 (1.04–1.09)* 0.57 (0.46–0.70)* 0.86 (0.82–0.91)*
 Contractor 1.02 (0.99–1.05) 1.29 (1.25–1.34)* 1.09 (1.05–1.13)* 1.16 (0.91–1.48) 0.98 (0.91–1.06)
 Other 0.99 (0.91–1.07) 1.09 (0.99–1.21) 1.02 (0.93–1.12) 0.25 (0.08–0.85)* 0.92 (0.76–1.11)
  1. Adjusted Odds Ratio and 95% Confidence Intervals for FY 2015
  2. CI Confidence Interval; P P-value * P < .05
  3. All models controlled for provider characteristics (military service, personnel category, TRICARE region) and patient characteristics (age, gender, beneficiary category). In all models, physicians were the reference category
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